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Chapter 7

Health Science Chapter 7

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Western University
Health Sciences
Health Sciences 1002A/B
Anita Cramp

Health Science Chapter 7- The Unhealthy Canadian Workplace Work and Health - Stress can come from job insecurity, physical demands of work, the lack of support from supervisors and co-workers, work-life conflict/balance and job strain o High job strain: high psychological demands at work combined with a low degree of control over the work process; been linked to increased risk of physical injuries at work, high BP, CVD, depression and other mental health conditions - Work linked to one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality (i.e. due to stress) - The shift to a post-industrial society with better educations and workforce should be associated with better health but it is not What Is a Good Job? - Reasonable wages, non-wage benefits, job security, opportunities for advancement, content of work that is asked, SAFETY (72%), work-life balance (63%), - EKOS/CPRN survey of changing employment relationships (key part of the indicators of job quality in Canada) says that workers want personally rewarding work, enjoying autonomy on the job and the ability to exercise/ develop skills and capacities - 7 Key Dimensions: security, conditions, pace/ stress, working time, opportunities for self- expression and individual development at work, participation at work, work-life balance Forces Shaping Workplace Change in Canada - Terms of employment (wages, benefits, hours etc) reflect the relative bargaining power of workers and employers and the related willingness of governments to establish minimum rights and standards - There has been a pervasive and ongoing restructuring of employment relationships intended to promote productivity and competitiveness - Common forms of organizational change: downsizing, contracting out of non-core functions, and greater flexibility of time worked - Governments have been a bystander in this Dimensions of Job Quality - Job security; unemployment is bad for health for both material and psychological reasons - Frequent short-term unemployment is the main source of stress and anxiety (i.e. don’t know where your job/life is going) - To be counted as employed, you only need to work a few hours a week (low-wage survival jobs are counted as “employed”); to be counted as unemployed, you need to not be able to find a work at all and seeking work - Long-term unemployment= out of work for six months and longer (women, recent immigrant and racialized minorities are effected the most) - Large pay gaps between precarious (temporary/ contract work) and core workers in Canada than in Europe - Job insecurity in the precarious labour market is heightened by lack of supports and services to promote access to better employment - Employment insurance rules effectively disqualify many who survive by patching together sequences of paid employment with self-employment - “Employment strain”: not only specific job characteristics but stress also affects health through the precarious nature of many employment relationships in today’s job market; precarious jobs have more injuries, sickness, stress and dangers compared to non- precarious work - A large minority of workers experience continuing precarious employment and significant risk of periodic unemployment. The risk to health of precarious employment caused by stress and anxiety are compounded by lack of access to benefits Physical Conditions of Work - Unlike work place fatalities, the incidence of work-related accidents and injuri
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