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Chapter 9

Health Science Chapter 9

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Western University
Health Sciences
Health Sciences 1002A/B
Anita Cramp

Health Science Chapter 9- Early Child Education and Care as a Social Determinant of Health What is Early Childhood Education and Care? - “Daycare” to support women’s equality; primary aim is to allow mothers to participate in the paid labour force - ECEC has positive benefits for children - Inclusive and integrated services that play multiple roles for children and families - Includes kindergartens and nursery/preschools whose primary purpose is early childhood education - Well-designed ECEC programs enhance child development and simultaneously support parents in a variety of ways in and out of the paid workforce Early Childhood Education and Care as a SODH - Important factors for healthy children development: o Innate or genetic characteristics o Prenatal conditions o Physical environment o Nutrition o Family attributes and interaction o Peers o Community o Schools o Civil society o Larger social-economic environment - Intricately related** - ECEC is also a factor if they are well designed Policy Goals for Early Childhood Education and Care - Goal 1: Enhancing Children’s Well-being, Healthy Development and Lifelong Learning o Provide intellectual and social stimulation that promotes cognitive development and social competence o Quality of ECEC programs is critical in determining if the development of the child will be positive o Need to feel loved, respected and listened to, socially accepted and have a positive environment (beyond the basic health and safety rules). Good staff, organized groups of children in manageable sizes, challenging/play- based/creative activities are also important o Positive effects carried into adulthood - Goal 2: Supporting Parents in Education, Training and Employment o A lot of families have both parents working (more income) o Women do not feel compelled to stay home with children - Goal 3: Strong Communities o Strengthening communities through social solidarity and social cohesion o Learning about difference and diversity and establishing a basis for tolerance (respecting different races and status’… will be carried to adulthood) o Feeling part of the community/belonging and having a support system - Goal 4: Providing Equity o Equity for multiple groups in society but especially for women and children disabilities (social justice) o Children with disabilities: gives a sense of normality and opportunity to participate actively in community o Women: crucial for women’s equality (i.e. working) Canadian Political Realities - Linked to nature of Canadian federalism in which responsibility for social programs is primarily provincial/territorial; responsibilities of these respective roles have shifted - Also, Canada is a liberal democracy with relatively weak welfare state; child care is public responsibility (i.e. parents fees) What We Can Learn about Canada Using a Comp
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