Theories and Methods_Sept 17_.docx

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Health Sciences
Health Sciences 2700A/B
Treena Orchard

Health Issues in Childhood and Adolescence September 17, 2013 Jessica Hogle Theories and Methods: Bringing Biomedical and Social perspectives Theory  Way of explaining what is going on and look at the world around us  Many ways to look at adolescence  Without it, we wouldn’t really know how anything works Continuous vs. discontinuous  Continuous is a smooth transition from childhood to adulthood  Discontinuous is more of a step by step process with big jumps in between different maturity levels  School has had a large impact on how we have developed  Nature: inborn, biological givens; based on genetic inheritance  Nurture: how we are raised; social environment Nature Vs. Nurture  Brought a challenge to the church because it says something other than the hand of God has an impact on how we are created and guided; goes against many religions  Colonialism: Try to exert power and control over other countries resources; which links to nature and nurture being used as a way to classify and organize different groups of people Darwin’s Theory of Evolution (social Darwinism)  Developed these ideas about the natural world  Applied to nature nurture in humans lives  Discourse is the way people talk about things  Some of these ideas about hierarchy and different groups of people get applied to adolescence many years ago  Adolescence was talked about being discovered in the early 1900’s  Seen as being problematic because it needed to be controlled (adolescence)  This was tied to colonialism Psychosocial  Normative approach: o Hall published book about adolescence being a time of storm and stress o Looked at nature vs. nurture in terms of how hereditary traits were linked to human developments o Many tests developed about what is normal and what is not normal Psychoanalytic  List of things that were happening that gave them a different perspective on childhood and adolescence  Freud into idea of suppression Freud  ID: largest part of the mind; It is the instincts  Ego: rational aspect of development  Super ego: conscience  One of the first people to use talk therapy; talk to women about their dreams  Many theories related to Freud’s life and childhood Social Determinants  A lot of the psychosocial and psychological theories focus on the individual, unlike social determinants, which deal with the environment Fundamentals of development within lifespan approach  Berk looks at the time we were born until we die  Looks at health development for our lifespans
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