Health Sciences 2801A/B Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Logic Model

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Published on 12 Sep 2012
School
Western University
Department
Health Sciences
Course
Health Sciences 2801A/B
Professor
3 changeable habits that would reduce risk of poor health, disease, illness and death are: tobacco use, physical activity and eating habits
Chronic diseases account for 70% of all deaths
Chronic diseases are the most preventable
Health Behaviour - behaviours that impact a person's health
1974 - Canada published its landmark policy statement: A New Perspective on the Health of Canadians (Lalonde, 1974)
Healthy People - The US's publication of Healthy People: The Surgeon General's Report on Health Promotion & Disease Prevention (Healthy
People, 1979) showed the relationship of personal behaviour & health status & it also gave a "personal responsibility" model that showed them
how to reduce their health risks & increase their chances of good health. The Healthy People was important b/c it summarized the research
available, presented it in a readable format and made the information available to the public
Health Education & Promotion
Any planned combination of learning experiences designed to predispose, enable & reinforce voluntary behaviour conducive to h ealth in
individuals, groups or communities (Green & Kreuter, 2005)
Health Education - the process of educating people about health
Any planned combination of educational, political, regulatory & organizational supports for actions & conditions of living co nducive to the
health of individuals, groups & communities (Green & Kreuter, 2005)
Health Promotion - broader term than HE. Any planned combination of educational, political, environmental, regulatory or organizational
mechanisms that support actions & conditions of living conducive to the health of individuals, groups & communities (Joint Committee on
Terminology, 2001)
Promoting health must focus on enhancing people's capacities for living
HE is an important component of HP
HP takes into account that human behaviour is not only governed by personal factors but also by structural aspects of the enviro
Health Educators
Health Educator - a professionally prepared individual who serves in a variety of roles & is specifically trained to use appropriate educational
strategies & methods to facilitate the development of policies, procedures, interventions & systems conducive to the health of individuals, groups
& communities
Role Delineation Project (1979) - this project yielded a generic role for the entry level health educator - responsibilities for health educators
taking their 1st job regardless of their work setting
The Framework - the documents (NCHEC, 1985 and NCHEC, 1996) that were comprised of the 7 major areas of responsibility which defined the
scope of practice and several difference competencies & subcompetencies which further delineated the responsibilities
Advanced-Level Health Educator - had 3 more responsibilities that revolved around research, administration & the advancement of the profession
Primary prevention - preventive measures that forestall the onset of illness or injury during the prepathogenesis period
Secondary prevention - preventive measures that lead to early diagnosis & prompt treatment of a disease, illness or injury to limit disability,
impairment, or dependency & prevent more severe pathogenesis
Tertiary prevention - preventive measures aimed at rehabilitation following significant pathogenesis
Assess individual & community needs for HE
1.
Plan HE strategies, interventions & programs
2.
Implement HE strategies, interventions & programs
3.
Conduct evaluation & research related to HE
4.
Administer HE strategies, interventions & programs
5.
Serve as a HE resource person
6.
Communicate & advocate for health & HE
7.
Responsibilities & Competencies for Health Educators; 7 areas of responsibility:
Program Planning
Planning, implementing & evaluating (3 processes) are all very involved
Inputs (resources)
1.
Outputs (activities)
2.
Outcomes (results/effects)
3.
Includes 3 components in its most basic form:
The purpose/mission of the program
1.
The context, conditions or situation under which the program will be offered
2.
Assumptions associated w/ the planned program
3.
External factors that could influence the success of the program
4.
A description of the evaluation of the proposed program
5.
They may also include:
Logic model - attempts to convey visually the connection b/w program activities & the program's desired outcomes; a simplified picture of a
program, initiative or intervention that shows the logical relationships among the resources that are invested, the activities that take place, & the
benefits or changes that result; a roadmap. Displayed through boxes & arrows shows the relationship & linkages of the various components
Chapter 1 - Health Education, Promotion, Educators & Program
Planning - My Notes
September-11-11
7:53 PM
HP Units 1 & 2 Page 1
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