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Chapter 1

SEPT 11 - Chapter 1 - Health Education, Promotion, Educators & Program Planning - My Notes.pdf

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Western University
Health Sciences
Health Sciences 2801A/B
Terry Biggs

Chapter 1 - Health Education, Promotion, Educators & Program Planning - My Notes September-11-11 7:53 PM • 3 changeable habits that would reduce risk of poor health, disease, illness and death are: tobacco use, physical activityand eating habits • Chronic diseases account for 70% of all deaths • Chronic diseases are the most preventable • Health Behaviour- behaviours that impact a person's health • 1974 - Canada published its landmark policy statement:A New Perspective on the Health of Canadians (Lalonde,1974) • Healthy People - The US's publication of Healthy People: The Surgeon General's Report on Health Promotion & Disease Prevention (Healthy People, 1979) showed the relationship of personal behaviour & health status & it also gave a "personal responsibility" model that showed them how to reduce their health risks & increase their chances of good health. The Healthy People was important b/c it summarized the research available, presented it in a readable format and made the information available to the public Health Education & Promotion • Health Education - the process of educating people about health ○ Any combination of planned learning experiences based on sound theories hat provide individuals, groups & communities the opportunity to acquire info & the sills needed to make quality health decisions (Report of the 2000 Joint Committeeon Health Education & Promotion Terminology) ○ Any planned combination of learning experiences designed to predispose, enable & reinforce voluntary behaviour conducive to health in individuals, groups or communities (Green & Kreuter,2005) • Health Promotion - broader term than HE. Any planned combination of educational, political, environmental, regulatory or organizational mechanisms that support actions & conditions of living conducive to the health of individuals, groups & communities (Joint Committee on Terminology, 2001) ○ Any planned combination of educational, political, regulatory & organizational supports for actions & conditions of living conducive to the health of individuals, groups & communities (Green & Kreuter,2005) • Promoting health must focus on enhancing people's capacitiesfor living • HE is an important component of HP • HP takes into account that human behaviour is not only governed by personal factors but also by structural aspects of the enviro Health Educators • Health Educator - a professionally prepared individual who serves in a variety of roles & is specifically trained to use appropriate educational strategies& methods to facilitate the development of policies, procedures, interventions &
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