State - Sociology of the State pt 2, Nelson.docx

2 Pages

Political Science
Course Code
Political Science 1020E
Bruce Morrison

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SOCIOLOGY OF THE STATE 2  Marx himself argued that the role of ideology central if only in the negative sense that it prevents a scientific understanding of the state as it truly is  Marx all states seek the cause, of social problems, in fortuitous or intentional defects in the administration and hence the cure is sought in administrative measures  Both thinkers conceive the state as a form of social differentiation spawned by the increasing division of labour in industrial – capitalist society, and both see in this a process of alienation that is, of the separation of specifically human qualities into structures of domination  Weber argues that domination is one of the most important elements of communal action. But as a specific form of social power, domination must be legitimized to be political effective  As an ideal type, charismatic domination is legitimized by the purely personal qualities of the leader as a prophet, hero, or some other such form of charisma  Weber understands that the structure of the modern state carries with it certain inevitable tendencies, such as increasing centralization and bureaucratization but he does not accept the idea that these are the outcome of some larger historical process  State law is constituted as a logically coherent system of legal rules such that the ends sought – public order – are inherent in the regularity of the legal means employed  Weber is unequivocal in this regard: today legal coercion by violence is the monopoly of the state  For Weber, the modern state is characterized above all by its increasingly bureaucratized structure, and this is precisely the organizational form that rational-legal authority takes in the modern state  For Weber, however what makes the modern state unique is that it has evolved into a fully developed and permanent form of bureaucratic organization of the rational-legal type  The bureaucratization of the modern state, as of the large scale business enterprise itself, is the result of modern industrial capitalism  Industrial capitalism according to Weber, for capitalism and democracy have gone hand in hand in the development of the modern state  These conceptual forms are necessarily remote from the nature of pre-bureaucratic and especially from patrimonial and feudal structures of authority  The state is clearly distinguished conceptually from society, hence public from private and authority is rendered entirely impersonal as a rational legal structure of domination  For Weber, social stratification occurs not only along class lines, but along status and political party lines as well. Whereas class stratification is rooted in the economic order and is dependent upon the acquisition of property, status stratification is an aspect of the social order is premised up
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