Ethics and Public Policy - Jonathan Wolff.docx

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Western University
Political Science
Political Science 1020E
Charles Jones

Politics 1020 Ethics and Public Policy: A Philosophical Inquiry Chapter 1: Scientific Experiments on Animals - “A license will only be granted if, in the opinion of the authority, the benefits of the research outweigh the harms, and experimenting on animals is the only feasible way of obtaining the information sought” (page 12) - “[…] experiment will contribute to the scientific enterprise, with possible eventual benefits to human or to human welfare” (page 12) - Animals are used particularly for drug discovery and testing (page 13) - “Even if animal experiments work, it doesn’t settle the moral question of whether they should be permitted” (page 15) - “Animals have rights on the basis that if human beings have rights and there is no moral distinction between human beings and other animals then such animals must have rights too” (page 18) - “On the moral-community approach, we should either treat animals as we do human beings, or we have no moral duties to them at all” (page 19) - “It [is] inhumanely callous to simply ignore the fact that a creature can feel pain, even if we find reasons to justify experimenting on it” (page 21) - “Even when experiments are undertaken to devise pharmaceuticals for use on animals, the benefits are usually sought for human purposes, and the particular individual animals that do not suffer do not also bene
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