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Western University
Political Science
Political Science 3314E
Radoslav Dimitrov

NEGOTIATING WITH A RELUCTANT HEGEMON – READINGS INTRODUCTION  Under the conditions of anarchy in the international system no one can ensure rule compliance  The theory of hegemonic stability foresees the possibility of regime formation if it is in the interest of the leading hegemon  Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty negotiated the ratification of the CTBT failed to pass the Senate  In July 2001 and seeks to curb all the illicit proliferation of the most deadly weapons mainly used in intra state wars  While neo-realists generally caution against regime building interest based approaches envisage the formation of common goods under rational premises and advantageous cost-benefit analysis  Social structures facilitate the negotiations of new regimes THEORETICAL APPROACHES TO IR  The theoretical debate between proponents and opponents of regimes remains ubiquitous  Regimes are mainly furthered and established by hegemonic actors who are in leading positions in the international system and also have accumulated sufficient power resources that are relevant n this issue  An arms control regime can neither be successfully negotiated nor implemented without the active support of the leading hegemon to provide the public good  Rational choice can calculate and seek to maximize their given interests  Social constructivist view, the international system already consists of a thick web of norms that guide state behaviour  Normative suasion means that the agents actively and reflectively internalize new understandings or appropriateness  Thus by engaging in cooperative behaviour, an actor will gradually change its own beliefs about who it is helping to internalize that new identity for itself  Lockean culture states see themselves as rivals which might sometimes lead to conflict among them  Lockean culture regime formation is likely while in the Kantian culture regime cooperation becomes a characteristic of democratic governance  Such security communities develop a collective identity  Social constructivist point of view arms control regimes flourish when certain social structures are already existence SMALL ARMS CONTROL  Non-governmental organizations formed coalitions to support their campaigns  A second GGE was asked in 1998 to follow up the implementation of the recommendations made by the first expert panel and also to prepare the grounds for convening an international conference on the illicit trafficking of small arms and light weapons  Negotiated within two weeks in July 2001 at the UN in New York. The negotiations for PoA were scheduled within the framework of the UN and its institutional procedures  Eccessive and put in place adequate laws, regulations and administrative procedures to exercise effective control over the production of SALW as well as over the export, import and retransfer of those weapons  States are asked to establish stricter control on their national inventories of small arms and light weapons to limit the loss thereof  States are asked to report on their progress of implementing the norms and procedures of the PoA  Further efforts to strengthen the PoA during the first review conference and aftermath have been only partially successful  Never the less, the case study needs to be examined in more detail whether it qualifies as a case of non-hegemonic regime  Non-hegemonic powers ensure the permanence of the regime and further its evolution THE RELUCTANT HEGEMON  Powe
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