Psychology 1000 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Murder Of Kitty Genovese, Social Desirability Bias, Operational Definition

19 views6 pages

Document Summary

Curiosity, skepticism, and open-mindedness are driving forces behind scientific inquiry. Gathering evidence: steps in the scientific process (figure 2. 1 page 39) Science involves a continuous interplay between observing and explaining events. Why did no one help: formulate hypothesis. A tentative explanation or prediction about some phenomenon scientists gather clues and logically analyze them. Helping decreases as the perceived number of bystanders increases; the hypothesis is supported (if hypothesis is not supported, revise it: further research and theory building. Hindsight understanding: after-the-fact; problem is that related past events can be explained in many creative, reasonable, and sometimes contradictory ways. Prediction, control, and theory building scientists prefer understand the causes of behavior and make predictions in a controlled setting; good theories generate an integrated network of predictions. Theory incorporates existing facts and observations within a single broad framework. Theory is testable; generates new hypotheses and predictions. Predictions made by the theory are supported by the findings of new research.

Get access

Grade+20% off
$8 USD/m$10 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Grade+
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
40 Verified Answers
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Class+
Homework Help
Study Guides
Textbook Solutions
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
Booster Class
30 Verified Answers

Related Documents