Psychology 1000 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Naturalistic Observation, Social Desirability Bias, List Of Fables Characters

11 views3 pages

For unlimited access to Textbook Notes, a Class+ subscription is required.

Chapter 2: Research study
- Hindsight approach trying to understand after the fact it has happened
- Scientist don’t like hindsight understanding because they want to predict the
Scientific Method
1. Identify or Observe
2. Hypothesis make a prediction
3. Test your hypothesis by doing research
4. Observe your results
5. Revise do further research
6. Make a possible theory or make a new hypothesis
Theory is a set of formal statements that explains how and why certain events are
related to one another.
- Good theories…
- Are testable
- Falisifiable
- Predictions supported by new research
- Confirms to the “Law of Parsimony”
Law of Parsimony two theories can explain and predict the same phenomena
equally well, the SIMPLER theory is thus the PREFERRED ONE.
Variable any change in characteristic or factor that can vary. Eg: sex, gender, height,
age, GPA.
Study settings, where??
Field study
-behaviour is observed where it occurs
disadvantages not a controlled environment, bias view
Lab Study
- behavior observed in a controlled environment
- you can vary certain situation to get different outcomes
Data collection
1. Self report asks people to report on their own knowledge, beliefs, feelings,
- it can be done by questionnaires or surveys
- Disadvantages some ppl might exaggerate a situation and some ppl might tough
it out.
- Distorted by social desirability
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 3 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class