The technological advances of the past century, impressive as they are, have not led to perceptible improvement in our collective health and happiness. Many social critics argue that the quality of our lives and sense of personal fulfillment have declined rather than increased- this is the paradox of progress. Many reasons for this paradox exist but the agreement is that the basic challenge of modern life has become the search for meaning, a sense of direction, and a personal philosophy. The kaleidoscope of change that we see is said to create feelings of anxiety and uncertainty, which we try to alleviate by searching for a sense of direction. Examples are: the enormous success of self-realization programs and self-help gurus (dr. phil, tony. Robbins: cults- 2 million mostly normal young people are involved- join because cults provide simple solutions to complex problems.