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Chapter 14

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Department
Psychology
Course
Psychology 2043A/B
Professor
Prof
Semester
Fall

Description
IntrotoPDDPervasiveconditionsareextremelylonglastingusuallylifelongDevelopmentalconditionsrepresentasignificantdelayintheprocessofdevelopmentandaffectmanyoralldevelopmentaldomainsBroadrangeofconditionsincludedDSMIVsplitsPDDintoAutismSpectrumDisordersAutismandAspergerssyndromeChildhoodDisintegrativeDisordersincludingRettssyndromeChildhoodPsychosesspecificallyschizophreniaPDDNOSanddualandmultipledisabilitiesSerioustypesofpsychosesandAutismSpectrumDisordersarethemostextremeformsofPDDHardtounderstandandfarremovedfromtherangeofnormalexperienceEveryaspectoffunctioningisaffectedAutisticchildrenfrequentlydisplaystrangeandinappropriatebehaviourbizarrebodymovementsinordinatefearsrepetitivemotoractivityselfstimulationselfmutilationLiveinaworldoftouchsensationsfamiliarroutinesandrigidlyobsessivebehaviourAspergersismarkedbyimpairmentsinverbalandnonverbalcommunicationsocializationandbehaviourChildhoodpsychosesinvolvesevereabnormalitiesanddisturbancesthatareseenasdistortionsofdevelopmentChildhoodschizophreniaischaracterizedbyaseriouslossofcontactwithrealityandamarkeddeteriorationintheabilitytofunctiondelusionshallucinationsapathywithdrawalTraditionallyautismwasconsideredapsychosisandthetermschizophreniawasusedtoclassifyallchildhoodpsychosesResearchfindingsonautismwereoftengeneralizedtoschizophreniaTodaypsychoticandautisticbehaviouraredistinguishableasclearlydifferentcategoriesDefinitionofPDDPDDAKAdevelopmentaldelayordevelopmentallydisableddescribesindividualswhosufferfromchronicdisabilitiesattributabletomentalorphysicalimpairmentsoracombinationofthesethataremanifestedbeforeage22andthatresultinfunctionallimitationsinmajorlifeactivitiesrequiringspecialservicesandtreatmentsthatarelifelongorofextendeddurationClassificationofPDDSurroundedbycontroversymuchofwhichstemsfromthehistoricalantecedentsofthefieldRapidalterationsbroughttotheareabynewgeneticpsychologicalandeducationalresearchAutismSpectrumDisordersSpectrumimpliesthattheconditionsrangefrommildtosevereMajorcategoriesareAutismandAspergerssyndromeAutismGreekwordautosselfMostprominentfeatureisapparentselfabsorptionandsociallywithdrawnbehaviourMassresearchbuthardtodefineandboundariesremainvagueandundifferentiatedWashistoricallyconsideredapsychosessevereemotionaldisturbanceResearchshoweditisinsteadadevelopmentaldisabilityAutismbecameaseparatecategorywithIDEAwhichcreatedaspecificandinclusivedefinitionAutismisadevelopmentaldisabilitysignificantlyaffectingverbalandnonverbalcommunicationandsocialinteractiongenerallyevidentbeforeage3thatadverselyaffectseducationalperformanceCharacteristicsofautismincludeirregularitiesandimpairmentsincommunicationengagementinrepetitiveactivitiesandstereotypedmovementsresistancetoenvironmentalchangeorchangeindailyroutinesandunusualresponsestosensoryexperiencesThetermdoesnotincludechildrenwiththecharacteristicsofseriousemotionaldisturbanceAspergerssyndromeViennesepediatricianHansAspergerpublishedapaperin1944thatdescribedapatternofbehavioursinseveralyoungboyswhohadnormalintelligencebutalsoexhibitedautisticlikebehaviourandmarkeddeficienciesinsocialandcommunicationskillsFormallyrecognizedinUSDSMin1994butmuchremainsunclearAffectsthesamedomainsofcommunicationsocializationbehaviourandactivitiesasautismbutthereisrelativelynormalcognitiveandlanguagedevelopmentPDDNOSAppliedwhenchildrenexhibitsomeautisticcharacteristicsbutdonotmeetallthecriteriaforautism
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