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Chapter 2

Chapter 2 - Work Class and Social Life (Hopkins) Geo 2410

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Psychology 2320A/B
Jeff Hopkins

Ch. 2 - Work Class and Social Life Split between economic and social life - Feudal Europe, no split between work and housework, all the same - Industrialization created distinction with waged work, created distinction between work place and home -work place: rational pursuits, hard - home: self-realization, altruism , soft - fundamental split and interdependence between home and work - difference social relations in each, dependent on type of work done Employment relations and space - employers must control workers to create profit and surplus value - control from worker's dependence on firm and competition between themselves - dependence and competitions is geographical bc. people are tied to specific areas - capital exerts control over workers relatively. Exp. finance worker not affected much if work is moved to different country, retail worker with family is - some privileged social groups do not need to cooperate to get jobs, they're secured for them - companies cannot control entirely through maintaining discipline, also create active participation bc. initiative is needed to solve problems and make long-term changes Conceptions of class - two approaches to class • personal attribute - based on qualities exp. income, skills, accent, cultural capital, status, consumption pattern. Individuals or households. Exp. analyzing territory's class through looking at its individuals • relations - people acquire class relative to their relations with others, exp. with employers and other employees. Dynamic, focused on process Exp. analyzing territory's class by looking at its relationships with outside Geographical production processes and patterns - uneven geography of production produced by interaction of economic relationships within territories and economic flows between territories • footloose production - few linkages, unspecialized, easy to achieve. Will move to place with cheapest labour. Exp. manufacturing simple goods • geography of jobs - quality of employment depends on territory. Exp. some places with good internal relationships between capital and labour means good jobs, poor relationships bad jobs - stock of jobs in particular territory may change rapidly Reproduction work and its geographies - people don't share income in MDCs bc. it is individual income; creates property-based individualism - household influenced by workplace - development of production makes more demands on reproduction while reduces ability of households to meet those demands • household - influence commodities - commodities can substitute domestic work (exp. washing machine). Can also increase domestic work exp. shopping - time spent on domestic work has not declined • welfare state services - those that reproduction and commodity purchase cannot provide - more now bc. of change in production; more demand on workers (thus no time for certain reproduction work), some jobs are now more elaborate and need specialized skills (exp. healthcare), households becoming smaller and less women are housewives - overall reproduction
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