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Chapter 2

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Department
Psychology
Course
Psychology 2320A/B
Professor
Alvin Segal
Semester
Summer

Description
PerspectivesTheoriesModelsTostudyandunderstandphenomenascientistsadoptaperspectiveaviewanapproachorcognitivesetWhenaperspectiveissharedbyinvestigatorsitmaybetermedaparadigmParadigmstypicallyincludeassumptionsandconceptsaswellaswaystoevaluatetheseTheoriesAtheoryisaformalintegratedsetofprinciplesorpropositionsthatexplainsphenomenaScientifictheoriesaresupportedbyacceptedevidencethatoftenhasaccumulatedgraduallyTheoriesprovideformalpropositionsthatcanbetestedtherebyadvancingknowledgeModelAmodelisarepresentationordescriptionofthephenomenonofstudyAttheheartofinteractionalmodelsistheassumptionthatvariablesinterrelatetoproduceanoutcomeOneapproachthevulnerabilitystressmodelconceptualizesthemultiplecausesofpsychopathologyastheworkingtogetherofavulnerabilityfactorsandastressfactorsTheymaybebiologicalpsychologicalorsocialfactorsalthoughvulnerabilityoftenhasbeenconsideredasbiologicalandstressasenvironmentalTransactionalmodelsarewidelyemployedinthestudyofbothnormalandabnormaldevelopmentthebasicassumptionisthatdevelopmentistheresultofongoingreciprocaltransactionsbetweentheindividualandtheenvironmentalcontextTheindividualisviewedasanactiveagentwhobringsahistoryofpastexperiencethathasshapedherorhiscurrentfunctioningTheenvironmentalcontextisviewedasvariablesthatareclosetoproximalorfatherfromdistalthepersonTransactionalmodelsfallintothedomainofsystemsmodelsinthattheyincorporateseverallevelsorsystemsoffunctioninginwhichdevelopmentisviewedasoccurringovertimeasthesystemsinteractorenterintoongoingtransactionswitheachotherTheDevelopmentalPsychopathologyPerspectiveAnOverviewThedevelopmentalpsychopathologyperspectiveintegratestheunderstandingandstudyofnormaldevelopmentalprocesseswiththoseofchildandadolescentpsychopathology
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