Cognitive development: an information-processing perspective the information. General models of information processing the store model. Components of the store model information enters the sensory register; here, sights and sounds are represented directly and stored briefly. Connectionists see the human cognitive system as a general processing device that gradually attains domain-specific competencies as relevant learning opportunities arise. Developmental theories of information processing case"s neo-piagetian theory. Planning involves thinking out a sequence of acts ahead of time and allocating attention accordingly to reach a goal; the seeds of effective planning are present in infancy. 2, children can recall no more than one or two items, at age 4 only about three or four. Improvements in recall over the preschool years is strongly associated with language development, which greatly enhances long-lasting representations of past experiences. Compared with recognition, recall shows far greater improvement because older children make use of a wider range of retrieval cues.