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Chapter 1

Chapter 1.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course Code
Psychology 2550A/B
Professor
David Vollick

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Chapter 1: Orientation of Personality Models/Theories (idea that we have about something – ex. Model of ideal spouse) Advantages • Guide data collection and interpretation • Common language • Guide future research • Explain and predict Disadvantages • To ridged (not open to other ideas) • Uncommon language between the two Defining Personality • Many different, but no single meaning od accepted universally o An unique, dynamic, organization of unique characteristics of an individual that influences behavior and responses to the environment of that person o NOT character OR temperament o Personality what I think of my self, how I will react o One’s personality should:  Show continuity, consistency, and stability – what people do, not what they say  Be expressed in many ways  Be organized (disorganized is a sign of disturbance)  Influences how the individual relates to the social world  Links the physical with the biological characteristics Stable, Coherent Individual Differences • Behavior that changes frequently, may not be indicative of one’s personality Predicting and Understanding • Identifying consistent, stable individual differences is an important goal o It makes it possible both to describe people and to try to predict their future behavior Theory and Levels of Analysis in Personality Psychology Early “Big Picture Theory” • Early theories (such as Hippocrates’ (basic human temperaments), Aristotle’s (the brain to be the seat of the rational mind), and Freud’s (founded a controversial, comprehensive theory of personality – not scientifically testable) all stimulate many different types of research • They all sponded future research • When you change your personality, your environment changes • Personality psychology – are several, alternatives theoretical approaches The Trait – Dispositional Level • To identify consistencies in the basic expressions of personality = stable personality characteristics • In what general ways are people different from each other? The Biological Level • Explore the biologica
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