Psychology 2990A/B Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Job Enrichment, Job Performance, Equity Theory

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Published on 16 Apr 2013
School
Western University
Department
Psychology
Course
Psychology 2990A/B
Chapter 6-psych and the workplace
Achievement motivation theory: the theory of motivation the emphasizes the need to
accomplish something to do a good job and to be the best, ppl who have a high degree of
the need for achievement derive great satisfaction from working to accomplish some goal
and they are motivated to excel in whatever task they undertake
Study of motivation: it is important as a consumer because you can be the victim of
faulty workers and because you yourself will spend most of your life working and
therefore should be motivated to do so
David McClelland and his study on business managers: found successful business
managers consistently display high need to achieve, regardless of the culture, economic
growth of organizations and societies can be related to the level of the achievement need
among employees and citizens found 3 major characteristic of people who have a high
need to achieve
Three characteristics of people with a high need to achieve: the favour work
environment in which they are able to assume responsibility for solving problems, they
tend to take calculated risks and to set moderate attainable goals and they need continuing
recognition and feedback about their progress so that they know how well they are doing
Correlations between achievement motivation and financial success: high correlation,
and they will be displayed more respect and more receptive to new ideas, better job
performance
Mastery: developing competence and self-satisfaction through acquiring knowledge and
skills
Mastery orientation: employees with this strong were ore effective on the job than were
those with a strong performance orientation, established higher quality leader-member
exchanges
3 dimensions of achievement motivation: perseverance, competition and level of
difficulty of controlling the task
Needs hierarchy theory: theory of motivation that encompasses physiological, safety,
belonging, esteem and self-actualization needs
Motivator-hygiene (two factor) theory: theory of motivation that explains work
motivation and job satisfaction in terms of job tasks and workplace features, two sets of
needs motivation needs and hygiene needs
Physiological needs: basic human needs like food air ect
Safety needs: need for shelter and stability
Belonging and love needs: social needs for love affection
Esteem needs: need for self-esteem and admiration
Self-actualization: need for self-fulfillment
motivator needs: internal to the work itself, include nature of job tasks and works
responsibility, can be satisfied by stimulating challenging and absorbing work
hygiene needs: job dissatisfaction is made by this it relates to promotion and
maintenance of health, needs are external to the task of a particular job, include company
policy
job enrichment: an effort to expand the score of a job to give employees a greater role in
planning, performing and evaluating their work, remove some management controls,
create natural work environments, feedback
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Document Summary

Study of motivation: it is important as a consumer because you can be the victim of faulty workers and because you yourself will spend most of your life working and therefore should be motivated to do so. Correlations between achievement motivation and financial success: high correlation, and they will be displayed more respect and more receptive to new ideas, better job performance. Mastery: developing competence and self-satisfaction through acquiring knowledge and skills. Mastery orientation: employees with this strong were ore effective on the job than were those with a strong performance orientation, established higher quality leader-member exchanges. 3 dimensions of achievement motivation: perseverance, competition and level of difficulty of controlling the task. Needs hierarchy theory: theory of motivation that encompasses physiological, safety, belonging, esteem and self-actualization needs. Motivator-hygiene (two factor) theory: theory of motivation that explains work motivation and job satisfaction in terms of job tasks and workplace features, two sets of needs motivation needs and hygiene needs.

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