Psychology 3130A/B Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Sesamoid Bone, Vole, Bank Teller

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Broad conclusion about a whole class or group of things. Evidence was specific: specific observations then drawing conclusions from available evidence. Rely on inductive reasoning to discover something new by thinking. Hume"s problem of induction: induction is the act of relying on past experience to make inferences and conclusions about the future, concerned this is a circular argument. Induction works if we assume that the future will resemble the past. Future has always resembled the past in the past. Inductions and conclusions were correct in the past. Basic learning mechanisms: conditioned response = inductive inference, learn an association between 2 stimuli. Cat learned sound of can being opened always occurs right before food is served. Cat makes an inference, acts on the conditioned response. Makes a prediction and generates an expectation. Stimulus generalization: operant conditioning organism learning the connection between a stimulus and a response. Rat presses button when red light flashes and gets food; blue light is no food.

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