Textbook Notes (368,093)
Canada (161,636)
Psychology (4,889)
Psychology 1000 (1,620)
Dr.Mike (707)
Chapter 13

Psychology 1000 Chapter 13 Notes.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Psychology 1000

Psychology 1000 Chapter 13 Notes (Behaviour in a Social Context) Social Thinking and Perception  Attributions are judgments about the causes of our own and other people’s behaviour and outcomes. o Personal attributions infer that people’s behaviour is cause by their characteristics o Situational attributions infer that aspects of the situation cause a behaviour  3 types of information determine the type of attribution people make:  When all 3 are high, people make a situational attribution o Consistency o Distinctiveness o Consensus  Fundamental attribution errors is a tendency to underestimate the impact of the situation and overestimate the role of personal factors when explaining other people’s behaviour  Self-serving bias is the tendency to make related more personal attributions for success and situational attributions for failure o Strength of self-serving biases depends on various factors.  A primacy effect is a tendency to attach more significance to the initial information we learn about a person  A stereotype is a generalized belief about a group or a category of people  A self-fulfilling prophecy is when people’s erroneous expectations lead them to act in a way that bring about the way that brings about the expected behaviours, thereby confirming the original impression  An attitude is a positive or negative evaluation reaction towards a stimuli, such as a person, action, object or concept  Theory of planned behaviour is the view that people’s intention to engage in a behaviour is strongest when we have a positive attitude toward that behaviour, when subjective norms support the person’s attitudes, and when we believe that the behaviour is under the person’s control  Festinger’s theory of cognitive dissonance is theory that people strive to maintain consistency in their beliefs and actions, and that inconsistency creates dissonance; unpleasant arousal that motivates people to restore balance by changing their cognitions  Behaviour that is inconsistent with our attitude is called counterattitudinal behaviour  Bem’s self-perception theory is the theory that people make inferences about our own attitudes by observing how people behave  Communicator credibility is how believable the communicator is  There are two routes to persuasion: o The central route to persuasion is when people think carefully about a message and are influenced because they find the arguments compelling o The peripheral route to persuasion is when people do no scrutinize a message and are influenced mostly by other factors Social Influence  Social facilitation is an increased tendency to perform one’s dominant response in the mere presence of others  Social norms are shared experiences about how people should think, feel and behave  A social role consists of a set of norms that characterizes how people in a given social position ought to behave  Informational social influence is when people follow the opinions and behaviours of others because they believe they have accurate knowledge and what they are doing is ‘right’  Normative social influence is conformity by gaining social acceptance and avoiding social rejection  There are factors that affect conformity o Group size o Presence of a dissenter  Norm of Reciprocity is the expectation that when others treat people well, they should respond in kind  Door-in-the-face technique
More Less

Related notes for Psychology 1000

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.