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Chapter 9

Chapter 9 Notes.docx

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Western University
Psychology 1000

Chapter 9 Notes Mental Representations Include images ideas concepts and principlesLanguage Consists of a system of symbols and rules for combining these symbols in ways that can generate an infinite number of possible messages and meaningsPsycholinguistics The scientific study of the psychological aspects of aspects of language such as how people understand produce and acquire language such as how people understand produce and acquire languageGrammar The set of rules that dictate how symbols can be combined to create meaningful units of communicationSyntax The rules that govern the order of wordsSemantics The meaning of words and sentencesGenerativity The symbols of language can be combined to generate an infinite number of messages that have novel meaningDisplacement Language allows us to communicate about events and objects that are not physically present Surface structure Consists of the symbols that used and their orderDeep structure Refers to the underlying meaning of the combined symbolsPhoneme The smallest unit of speech sound in a language that can signal a difference in meaningMorpheme The smallest units of meaning in a languageDiscourse
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