Canadians identified the economy, unemployment & crime as primary areas of social concern. 3 basic dimensions of human development: longevity, educational attainment & living standards. Globalization accelerates crime disease, social volatility- 100 mill children live and work on streets, 1. 2 bill live on less than a dollar a day, 18 mill die everyday from communicable disease. Defined through subjective/objective criteria, varies across society, individuals, groups within a society, historical periods. All social problems have an objective social condition and its subjective interpretation. Objective element: existence of a social condition, exist independently of our perception. Subjective element: beliefs that particular social conditions are harmful to society or to a segment of society, should and can change them. Crime, addiction, poverty, racism, violence & pollution- not considered social problems until segment of society believes these conditions diminish the quality of human life.