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Sociology 2140 Chapter Notes -Human Development Index, Verstehen, Marxism

Course Code
SOC 2140
Darlene Balandin

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Social Concern
Human Development Report well-being of world populations based off of HDI
Human Development Index longevity, educational attainment and living standards
Objective Element existence of a social problem personal troubles = larger social phenomena
Subjective Element particular social conditions are harmful to society and humans should change
Claims-making Activities strategies people take to define social conditions as social problems
- Spector & Kitsuse: CMA are central to the development of a specific fact not concerned with
whether the issue actually exists social activity = shared values = social good
Social Problem society views as harmful to members that are in need of remedy
- def’n change over societies & historical periods
- framework knowledge of the concepts and methods accessing and analyzing social phenomena
Social Structure the way society is organized distinct but interrelated
Institutions established organization of societal relationships
- family, religion, politics, economics and education
- largest groups
- social problems = inadequate
Social Problems 2+ people with common identity, interact and form a social relationship
- secondary: small # of individuals is task-orientated and characterized by impersonal and formal
- primary: small # of people with intimate and informal interaction
Statues position a person occupies within a social group largely define our social identities
- ascribed: society assigns basis of no control
- achieved: individual has some control
- master: most significant
* role set of rights , obligations and expectations associated with a status
Culture- meanings and ways of life that characterize a society
Belief def’n of what is assumed to be true sociologists don’t accept beliefs as true but as sources
that operate and influence
Value agreements considered good and bad
Norms rules of behaviour guidelines for behaviours and expectations of behaviour of others
Folkways customs and manners of society
Laws formalized norms backed by political authority
Mores- moral basis
Sanctions consequences for conforming and violating norms
- positive
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