1. How is human sexuality viewed and controlled?
Due to the sensitive nature of the topic, only in recent years have anthropologists
really studied human sexuality. They document the immense cultural variations in
how human sexuality is perceived, practiced, and controlled and in the meanings
associated with those variations. For example, the near universality of the incest
taboo, which forbids sexual relations between parents and their children, and
usually between siblings, has long interested anthropologists.
2. What is marriage?
Marriage is the relationship between two or more people who are recognized as
having continuing claims of sexual access to each other. Monogamy, or the
taking of a single spouse, is the dominant form of marriage, but many cultures
practice marriages in which more than one spouse is involved. Throughout the
world, past and present, different forms of marriage are found. The levirate is a
system in which the wife of a deceased man may marry one of the brothers of
the dead man. Other forms exist, such as the ghost marriage, the cross-cousin
marriage, and the sor