Textbook Notes (363,452)
Canada (158,372)
GS101 (58)

GS 101 - indroduction to international studies / Globalization.doc

27 Pages
Unlock Document

Wilfrid Laurier University
Global Studies
Sara Matthews

Week 1 - Five dimensions of globalization economic, ideological, political, cultural and environmental - The midway project a powerful visual journey into the heart of an astonishingly symbolic environmental tragedy - Globality a social condition characterized by tight global economic, political, cultural and environmental interconnections and flows that make most of the currently existing borders irrelevant -->Steger - Globalization a set of processes that appear to transform our present social condition of conventional nationality in to one of globality the expansion and intensification of social relations and consciousness across world-time and world-space -->Steger - The global imaginary People’s growing consciousness of global connectivity 1.Definitions Globalization is the expansion and connectivity of the world wide sociology,meeting on the local and global levels Growth of 5 dimensions to global or world wide scale when is always changing Globalization examples: World Cup - cultural dimension,different sportswear made by different countries, international team Skype - MAC - economic dimension, technology can be culture, The UN - different nations come together over one issue, political global, Major holidays - WWW - close the gap between people, Fashion - Olympics - 2.Vocabulary Nation-state Globality Global imaginary Americanization Capitalism Western values Global-local nexus Social processes Metropolitan Centre Consciousness Nationalism Week 2 - Line 9 old pipe line proposing bringing heavy tar between Ontario & Quebec - Nation A nation is a group of people that sees itself as being a people, that is, belonging together in some meaningful sense as a unit, and as having its own identity, and as being separate and distinct from other groups” (Orend, 4) -State A state refers to the government of a country. This is the group of people responsible for making and enforcing the rules the regulate the collective life of a people and thereby make an orderly social life possible on a given territory” (Orend, ) - Nation State - Treaty of Westphalia Leaders of Europe came together to stop the bloodshed of religious wars (“modus vivendi” – a way to live) - State actors works for the government. Works on behalf of the state.g soldiers - Non state actors any group of people not associated with national institutions, non- governmental organizations , e.g,public interest group, indigenous(native) people The nation state The political dimensions of globalization . 1 Core components 2 Modern nation-state system Graph : country/territory/population/state/culture Nationalism;national identity ‘Canadian’ How is Canadian national identity produced ? Video:I am Canadian; Tim Horton's Coffee Commercial Welcome Home Family;immigrants;diversity; Invention of traditions:Hockey;Maple; Memories and myths:Hudson’s Bay Co. Fur trade; Shared history and values? Political agenda; struggle among provinces;underline issues; Construction the Canadian Nation: Historical Canada Modern nation state “A nation is a group of people that sees itself as being a people ,that is , belonging together in some meaningful sense as a unit, and as having its own identity,and as being separate and distinct from other groups” Nationalism:the drive of a nation to get its own state “A state refers to the government of a country. This is the group of people responsible for making and enforcing the rules the regulate the collective life of a people and thereby make an orderly social life possible on a given territory ” -borders (passport ,identity card,) eg, USA -laws,police officers,prison systems, -taxes, -hospital system, State actor:works for the government. eg soldiers, Non-state actor:any group of people not associated with national institutions, non-governmental organizations , eg,public interest group,***doctors Democracy Lecture: Adam Lewis, Queen’s University “Line 9 and community response Week 3 North vs. South - developed vs undeveloped, 1st/3rd world - North (countries located above the equator), South (Countries located below the equator)(exceptions are Australia and New Zealand. They are generally lumped in with the North, because of England's heavy development activities in them (they are more developed than others of their geographic relation) Civilization: a pervasive culture (way of life), shared by many countries Causes of underdevelopment: - Legacies of colonialism - Violence and political instability - Geographical isolation - Population growth rates (impact on human capital?) - Domestic inequality (Income disparities) - Size of rural sector (agriculture vs manufacturing) - Dual economy ( the existence of two separate economic sectors within one country. One sector is geared to local needs and another to the global export market.) - Weak financial system - Interest Rates - Dynamic of fluctuation - Control - Monetary policies (Central Bank); fiscal policies (government) - Inflation/Deflation 2 Definitions of Economic Development: a.GDP: Gross Domestic Product - The market value of all official recognized final goods and services produced within a country in a given period of time. The GDP per capita is often considered an indicator of a country's standard of living. b.Standard of life - a level of material comfort in terms of goods and services available to someone or some group Origins of the interstate system European History Colonialism and imperialism Empire: “a system of governance forged in military conquest (as opposed to ... The freely given consent of people )” The relationship between the colonies and the metro-pole is one of power Colonies:  Obedience  Subjection  Brain drain  Taxes  Natural resources Metropole  Mother city  Hub of empire Colonies  Exploitation  Protection  Military force  investment Roman empire (500 BCE - 476CE) Greek way: Marathon(city-state) Roman way: cosmopolitan empire in which a tiny metropole(Rome) governs vast colonies Middle-Way: European nation state The Treaty of Westphalia(1648) Leaders of Europe came together to stop the bloodshed of religious wars (“modus vivendi”- a way to die ) Significance? Countries responsible for determining their own governance (secular or non-secular) Political sovereignty and territorial integrity Political sovereignty: the right of a group of people to rule themselves The most basic right of a country in modern international law - to make its own laws and to govern itself provided that it respects the rights of all other countries to do the same The Westphalian system European inter-state system marked by territorial integrity and political sovereignty(.. ) What about the rest of the world ? Why did this form become so influential? European colonialism and imperialism(1500 - 1975) Marked by political and economic exploitation and by ferocious military violence Lasting legacy and scars The Westphalian state system  Developed vs developing First vs Third World First world : developed; easy to get Fresh water;more development: manufacturing; currency; often capitalism countries; Third world :  The north countries located above earth’s equator  The south countries located below the equator exceptions: Australia ; New Zealand The West vs “the Rest”  Western “civilization”  West being “the North” and the Rest being “the Global South”  Civilization means...  Western Civilization individualism limited democratic government free market capitalism a history of Christianity commitment to science and technology urbanization civil society (. )  Case Study - The American Empire Lecture Map of Ukraine and Surrounding Countries Dr. Tanya Richardson Yulia Tymoshenko - Prime Minister of Ukraine (former) - in jail now ; Odessa -consider 19 century a global city -like American City - Mark Twain -End in during World War 1 & during October Revolution , brought Bolshevik parties to power ; to build socialist state Socialist leaders concerned citizens to be used as agents of socialist projects, so they close the border A state within a state Eastern orientation Connection to Russia Monument to Catherine 2 - Empress of the Russian Empire (1972- 1796) 19 century more open; East and West are not straight forward orientations. North: cross cut by eastern; a strong east-west division Local History Walking Group 1.Gangnam Style Talk about very specific past time and locations in Korea; Gangnam is a very rich neighborhood in Seoul ; flashy displays of wealth 2.Hongkong (late 1990s) preserving species of plants and animals; dolphins Use global scientific data information expertise to make arguments The Danube River Politics of conservation and trans-boundary region of the Danube Deltas -the one of the most international rivers in world Flows next to 10 countries - Historical position during Cold War - West to east = Capitalist to socialist world For 300 years ago, frontier zone between Russian empire and Ottoman Empire State control is miner Vilkove - “a little Venice” people come from central Russia to the Delta for state persecution State boundaries shifted back and forth People came for fish Since 1970s dramatic expansion of international conservation organization , protecting quite large protection areas. In 1991, many people from international conservation organization came to this area to create large reserves in the delta both in Ukraine and Romania. The Delta is valued for its habitats & transit zone Pelicans in the Danube Delta Fisherman/cattle owners frustrated more restrictions on fish/cows Government officials Dredging Ship Cause conflict between Regulations How deal with wealthy ... How demand for particular resources ? Bias:heritage bias Video 2 definition of economic development: Standard of living(income level; degree of happiness;productivity; education; health care; clean water; access to credit;); GDP, PPP UN Education Reflect different levels of economic development 80% 90% - 20% Determinant of income and growth -labor power(work force) -productivity(economic output per worker) -incentives Natural resources; technology & innovation ; research&knowledge ; human capital ; social institutions ; productivity C(consumers’spending)+I(investment)+G(government spending)+(X-export-M-import)=GDP Eg Norway canada USA Switzerland Mongolia china ... 1.Productivity - growth of income equipment,technology; increase in capital stock Living standard South Korea Human capital - education training experience High skilled workers Developing countries Suffer from education - low migration of skilled worker from poor to rich countries Blueprint of *** Industry Revolution 2.technological innovation textiles - China - microwaves Cause geography (mineral ;fertilized land ; oil ) Small production Eg Africa long way from coast physical Were Once Colonies labors and slaves ; War Eg Vango colonial war ; civil war foreign capital investment - opportunities Eg Korea Taiwan India colonialism Less development - China proper democracy ; corruption ; Population growth is high in LD countries Asia - 1, more children few resources - 2, child labor , environmental degradation Manufacture sector faster than Brazil poor is poorer than India; rich is richer than NA Inequality - policy makers ; detrimental ; poli
More Less

Related notes for GS101

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.