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Global Studies
Edmund Pries

GS221 Reading Paul Hopper: Understanding Cultural Globalization Chapter 1: The History of Cultural Globalization - globalization is very economic based - used to be cultural exchange (trade stuff) now based on exchange of funds Phases: pre-modern (prior to 1500) Modern (1500- 1945) Contemporary (1945 onwards) Pre-modern 1. Early human migration 2. The emergence of world religions 3. The early imperial systems 4. The development of Tran regional trade networks - these ensured cross cultural encounters (ideas, beliefs and technology were exchanged and absorbed 1. Early Human Migrations: - evidence of pre-modern world globalization -Robert Clark - “global imperative” - the innate need for humanity to spread itself out, throughout the world- the human need for globalization - we are a global species 2. The Emergence of World Religions - serve to generate Tran regional allegiances and identities (Christianity *, Islam *, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism and Hinduism) -carried outside their areas by travellers and traders - the spread of religion also led to the development of writing (creation of core texts) - many of these religions remained centered upon a region (* exceptions) 3. The Early Imperial Systems - imperial ruling ekites saw some faiths as a way of ensuring/ displaying their own positions - empires of the time and their religions were seen as globalizing factors (China, Roman Ca
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