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Chapter 1

PO101 Chapter 1: CHAPTER 1 POLITICS AND THE STATE


Department
Political Science
Course Code
PO101
Professor
Dejan Guzina
Chapter
1

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PO101 LECTURE SEPTEMBER 14 2017
CHAPTER 1: POLITICS AND THE STATE
Today’s lecture focuses on:
- The study of politics
o Philosophical foundations
o Various approaches to the study of politics
o The question of whether politics is a state
- State: its importance and typology
- Contemporary political regimes
- Theories of the state ill e oered in next eek’s leture on poer
The Political Importance of the State
- Central concept in the study of politics
- The sovereign state is the highest form of authority in a particular territory and is, in
theory, above any challenge
- Right to rule supremely vs. ability to wield political power
- Replaces feudal structure in which authority is divided between the aristocracy
(including kings, princes, and lords), the guilds, and the Roman Catholic Church
-
What is State?
- State is a political association that exercises sovereign jurisdiction within a defined
territory
o Or as Weber would say, state requires a territory, population and monopoly of
the means of legitimate violence
State Sovereignty
- Domestic Sovereignty
o State institutions effectively control population within its borders (law and order,
Bodin, Hobbes, Weber)
- International Sovereignty
o The sovereign right of the states to enter and leave international arrangements
with each other
o The peace treaties of Westphalia 1648
The idea that international Law is oriented to the establishment of
minimal rules of coexistence and that the process of law making and law
enforcement is in the hands of individual states. There is no authority
above the states.
- Popular Sovereignty (American and French Revolutions)
o The idea of the popular sovereignty
State rule should be legitimized by the will of the people
o Sovereignty = supreme authority in a political community
o Popular = people are source of all political powers, have right to overrule other
bodies
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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