PS102 Chapter Notes - Chapter 8: Metalinguistic Awareness, Kanzi, Language Acquisition Device

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School
Department
Course
Language and Thought
Chapter 8
Properties of Language
Creative
o Language evolves, new words
o Constantly changing
o Effortlessly create new sentences
o Have a finite vocabulary that can be combined in infinite ways
Wanna go out for dinner?
Want to fetch some grub?
Would you like to dine out
Structured
o Words, verbs, nouns FINISH FROM POWERPOINT
o Although creative- ther are some restricitons
o These are regularities of language (not necessarily grammar rules)
Meaningful
o Each world represents an idea
o Grammar/structure also contribute to the ideas
Communicative
o Some language is private for ourselves
o Most language is directed at and around others, social activity
o Need to know the sounds, words, sentences of language and principles
of conversation
Conversation: Pragmatics
Knowing how to speak to different peoples
Structure of Language
Phonemes
o Smallest meaningful sound unit
o Requires sounds
o Sounds require physiological structures
o Don not correspond to letters of alphabet [pley = play]
o Meaningful perceptual units
o Humans can produce 100s of phonemes
Morphemes
o Often a word, but doesn’t have to be
o Meaningful unit of English
o Smallest meaningful unit of the language
o Fundamental unit of meaning
o English: 40 phonemes; more than 80,000 morphemes for the average
person
o
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Document Summary

Creative: language evolves, new words, constantly changing, effortlessly create new sentences, have a finite vocabulary that can be combined in infinite ways. Structured: words, verbs, nouns finish from powerpoint, although creative- ther are some restricitons, these are regularities of language (not necessarily grammar rules) Meaningful: each world represents an idea, grammar/structure also contribute to the ideas. Communicative: some language is private for ourselves, most language is directed at and around others, social activity, need to know the sounds, words, sentences of language and principles of conversation. Knowing how to speak to different peoples. Phonemes: smallest meaningful sound unit, requires sounds, sounds require physiological structures, don not correspond to letters of alphabet [pley = play, meaningful perceptual units, humans can produce 100s of phonemes. Morphemes: often a word, but doesn"t have to be, meaningful unit of english, smallest meaningful unit of the language, fundamental unit of meaning, english: 40 phonemes; more than 80,000 morphemes for the average person.

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