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Natural Science
NATS 1760
Darrin Durant

NATS 1760 DARRIN DURANT/ JAMES ELWICK Monday, November 4, 2012 THE WRONG TROUSERS: RADICALLY THINKING CLIMATE POLICY Pg. 131-138  The Kyoto Protocol failed because it is the wrong type of instrument (a universal intergovernmental treaty) relying too heavily on the wrong agents exercising the wrong sort of power to create= carbon market  Relies on establishing a global market by government fiat – not successful for ANY commodity  Climate change is the result of a particular development path and its globally interlaced supply system of fossil energy  There is no simple silver bullet, instead approach silver buckshot  7 basic principles of such radically re-though approach: 1) Use silver buckshot 2) Abandon universalism 3) Devise trading schemes from the bottom up 4) Deal with problems at the lowest possible levels of decision- making 5) Invest in technology R&D 6) Increase spending on adaption 7) Understand that successful climate policy does not necessarily focus instrumentally on the climate  Model for most of post-war period was the Yalta and Potsdam summits which shaped the post-WWII  During the Cold War; summitry was refined by the superpowers as an instrument for achieving nuclear arms control  Gorbachev and Reagan agreed to abolish nuclear weapons altogether (NOT Western plan)  Summit much less likely to produce a predictable accelerated agreement in the technical term “wicked”(not „tame‟)  Kyoto failed because it was a process designed from components that had worked for „tame‟ problems, but which could not work when applied to „wicked‟ ones  “Wickedness” in a global problem like climate change means the information needed to understand the problem is dependent upon one‟s idea for solving it  no stopping rule” we cannot know whether we have a sufficient understanding to stop searching for more understanding  relationships therefore complex(multi-faced) vs. complicated(mono-faceted)  The higher the perceived public anxiety, the greater the uncertainty, the greater the uncertainty, the greater the desire for direct involvement, the greater the involvement, the lower the willingness to trust expert decision-making  The Earth Summit, Rio in 1992  the civil servants did what common sense and human nature suggest  under pressure, the experts at Rio sought to bring there past experience to bear  CO2 was named the problem and reducing fossil fuel use was seen to be the answer- overt concentration upon greenhouse gases and their mitigation in the convention has obscured other important and potentially potent instruments of climate policy  Politicians and diplomats who have invested much personal effort and conviction in creating the Kyoto regime may simply find it psychologically and emotionally impossible to walk away  “thou
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