PSYC 1010 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Abraham Maslow, Phycology, Psychoanalytic Theory

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5 Feb 2013
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Chapter 1 Notes:
This case with Reena was brought to court, but many other episodes of
bullying are unreported causing young children to suffer alone.
Physcoligists give tips on how such things do not happen in the future.
Phycology- way of thinking, they provide knowledge that is accurate and
reliable.
o“The study of the mind”
Wilhelm Wundt professor that changed Pyscology from being connected to
philosophy and physiology, it became independent- founder oh Pyscology.
Focus- awareness of immediate experience, being conscious.
oBecame scientific study of conscious minds allowing it to focus on the
minds and mental process.
G. Stanley Hall made America first research lab
Structuralists examine and identify of what makes up the conscious
experience. Work in Lab
oWork included perception of vision, hearing and touch.
And how absorbed the info you get from doing these things.
Functionalism researching the function and purpose of consciousness.
oNot the structure
oIntrested in behavior and how it goes with the world.
This started to focus on other things such as mental testing, patterns of
development in kids, education, behavior differences between sexes.
oThis got women to be in the field.
John B Watson:
oBehaviorism- seeing behaviours directly.
oThought that the thoughts of people are private therefore cant do a
proper study.
Nature vs. Nurture- Behaviour genetic or experience? Watson says that its not
genetic and that it is environment.
Stimulus- input from environment, which reacts on light and sound waves. So
to our behavior reacts on the environment surrounding us. Stimulus
approach.
Freud unconscious- has thoughts and memories that are below the surface
but still influence our behavior.
Psychoanalytic theory- explains personality, motivation and mental disorders
subconsciously.
Suggestion that people don’t know their own minds very well and cant cope
with their sexual wantings.
Psychoanalysis almost took over pyscology all together.
B.F Skinner radical behaviourism- behaviourism and neo- behaviourism.
oEternal mental events are too hard to studs, his study is focused more
on public observable events.
oAlso says behavior is based on environment.
Organisims repeat things that lead to positive outcomes rather than neutral or
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