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PSYC 1010 (1,086)
Chapter 1

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 1010
Professor
Myriam Mongrain
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 1 Notes: • This case with Reena was brought to court, but many other episodes of bullying are unreported causing young children to suffer alone. • Physcoligists give tips on how such things do not happen in the future. • Phycology- way of thinking, they provide knowledge that is accurate and reliable. o “The study of the mind” • Wilhelm Wundt professor that changed Pyscology from being connected to philosophy and physiology, it became independent- founder oh Pyscology. • Focus- awareness of immediate experience, being conscious. o Became scientific study of conscious minds allowing it to focus on the minds and mental process. • G. Stanley Hall made America first research lab • Structuralists examine and identify of what makes up the conscious experience. Work in Lab o Work included perception of vision, hearing and touch.  And how absorbed the info you get from doing these things. • Functionalism researching the function and purpose of consciousness. o Not the structure o Intrested in behavior and how it goes with the world. • This started to focus on other things such as mental testing, patterns of development in kids, education, behavior differences between sexes. o This got women to be in the field. • John B Watson: o Behaviorism- seeing behaviours directly. o Thought that the thoughts of people are private therefore cant do a proper study. • Nature vs. Nurture- Behaviour genetic or experience? Watson says that its not genetic and that it is environment. • Stimulus- input from environment, which reacts on light and sound waves. So to our behavior reacts on the environment surrounding us.  Stimulus approach. • Freud unconscious- has thoughts and memories that are below the surface but still influence our behavior. • Psychoanalytic theory- explains personality, motivation and mental disorders subconsciously. • Suggestion that people don’t know their own minds very well and cant cope with their sexual wantings. • Psychoanalysis almost took over pyscology all together. • B.F Skinner radical behaviourism- behaviourism and neo- behaviourism. o Eternal mental events are too hard to studs, his study is focused more on public observable events. o Also says behavior is based on environment. • Organisims repeat things that lead to positive outcomes rather than neutral or negative outcomes. • Behavior is determined in predictable ways by general rules and therefore people are controlled by the environment and not what is around them. • Both behaviourism and psychoanalytic were criticized because it showed that people are not in complete control of their own minds. • Humanism emphasizes unique qualities of humans with their freedom and potential. o Cant use research on animals to explain humans. • Abraham Maslow- behavior is in control of ones self and that humans want to reach their highest potential. • Clinical pyscology diagonises and treats of disorders and issues physcoligically. • Cognitio
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