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PSYC 1010- (MODULES 38,39) STRESS.docx

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PSYC 1010
Rebecca Jubis

PSYC 1010 REBECCA JUBISSTRESSMODULE 38HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY a subfield of psychology that provides psychologys contribution to behavioral medicineStress is a concept used informally to describe threats or challenges and other times a response The event becomes a stressor the physical and emotional responses are a stress reaction the process relating to the threat is the stress STRESS the process by which we perceive and respond to certain events called stressors that we appraise as threatening or challengingStress can be positive a momentary stress can mobilize the immune system for fending off infections and healing wounds or arouses and motivates us to conquer problems Extreme or prolonged stress can be harmfulStressors fall into three main types 1 CatastrophesUnpredictable largescale events eg wars earthquakes and famines For those who respond to catastrophes by relocating to another country the trauma of uprooting and family separating combine with the challenges of adjusting to the new cultures language ethnicity climate and social norms Experiences of cultural shock and deteriorating wellbeing2 Significant Life ChangesLife transitions such as happy events can be stressfulMany changes leaving home becoming divorced losing a job having a loved one die3 Daily Hassles Rushhour traffic aggravating housemates long lines at the store too many things to do family frustrations and friends who dont pick up their phone Some people can simply shrug off such hassles others everyday annoyances add up and take a toll on health and wellbeingExtreme cold lack of oxygen and emotionarousing events all trigger an outpouring of the stress hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine from the core of the adrenal glands which triggers fight or flight On orders from the cerebral cortex the outer part of the adrenal glands secrets glucocorticoid stress hormones such as cortisol
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