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Chapter 1

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 2120
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Fall

Description
1. Social psychology is the scientific study of the feelings, thoughts, and behaviors of individuals in social situations. 2. Social psychology emphasizes the influence of situations on behavior. People often find it difficult to see the role that powerful situations play in producing their own and others' behavior, and they are inclined to overemphasize the importance of personal dispositions in producing behavior. The two tendencies together are called thefundamental attribution error. 3. Social psychology also focuses on the role of construal in understanding situations. People often feel that their comprehension of situations is direct, without much mediating thought. In fact, even the perception of the simplest objects rests on substantial inference and the existence of complex cognitive structures for carrying it out. 4. The primary tool people use for understanding social situations, and physical stimuli for that matter, is the schema. Schemas are the stored representations of numberless repetitions of highly similar stimuli and situations. They tell us how to interpret situations and how to behave in them. Stereotypes are schemas for people of various kinds—police officers, Hispanics, yuppies. Stereotypes serve to guide interpretation and behavior, but they can often be mistaken or misapplied, and they can lead to damaging interactions and unjust actions. 5. People's construals of situations are often lar
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