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PSYC 3480 (233)
Chapter 8

Chapter 8 Love Relationships.docx

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York University
PSYC 3480
Noreen Stuckless

Chapter 8 Love Relationships Dating and Heterosexual Relationships  The Ideal Romantic Partner o North American Research  Young adolescents tend to emphasize physical attributes  Older adolescents emphasize their compatibility with their partner  Both women and men value physical attractiveness as an important characteristic for an ideal sexual partner, but men emphasize it more.  Both women and men value characteristics such as honesty and intelligence in an ideal marriage partner, but men still emphasize attractiveness more than women do o Cross Culture Research  Research on ideal romantic partners shows that men are more likely to emphasize physical attractiveness, whereas women are more likely to emphasize financial status  Explanations for Gender Differences in Patterns of Preference o Evolutionary Psychology Approach  Men prefer young, healthy looking women because those women are most likely to be fertile. These women will pass on the men’s genes to the next generation  Women try to select a partner who will be committed to a long term relationship to make sure that their children are provided with resources o The Social Roles Approach  According to the social roles approach, men and women often occupy different social roles  They are socialized differently, and they also have different opportunities and disadvantages  Characteristics of Heterosexual Love Relationships o Gender Comparisons  Women tend to experience a wider range of both positive and negative emotions  Women are significantly more likely than men to say that their love relationships are based on friendship  Most gender differences in evaluations of love relationships are minimal o Factors related to Satisfaction with the relationship  Research suggests that both men and women are more satisfied with a love relationship if it is based on friendship and if they are both feminists  People who are sexually and emotionally faithful to their partner also tend to be more satisfied with their relationship  Women and men have similar self disclosure patterns in a romantic relationship o Breaking up  When couples break up, women and men experience similar negative emotions; they were equally likely to blame themselves, take alcohol following the breakup  Men were more likely to distract themselves after the breakup  Women were more likely to blame their partner after the breakup and more likely to experience joy and relief after Marriage and Divorce  Women significantly more likely to eagerly anticipate getting married  However, college women who are nontraditional tend to say they will keep their own last name  Marital Satisfaction o Satisfaction During Various Periods of Marriage  Surveys show that young married couples are probably the happiest people in any age group  However, after a few years after the wedding, married people feel more dissatisfaction  Satisfaction is lowest during the first 20 to 24 years of marriage, and then it may increase after the children have left home o Gender comparisons in marital satisfaction  Women more likely to wish that they could change some aspects of their marriage  Women are also more sensitive to problems in their marriage  Distribution of Power In marriages o In a traditional marriage, the husband is more dominant than the wife, and both partners maintain traditional gender roles o In an EGALITARIAN marriage, both partners share power equally, without traditional gender roles.  Marriage and women of color o Latinas  Latinas emphasize that they have an important obligation to their family  One of the key concepts connected with Latinas/os is MACHISMO  Social scientists have defined machismo as the belief that men must show their manhood by being dominant  The parallel concept for women is marianismo.  Marianismo is the belief that women must be chaste until marriage, and be passive giving up their own needs to help their husband and children o Black Women  Research shows that black couples may be more egalitarian than couples from other ethnicity o Asian American Women  Most likely to experience conflicts between traditional A
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