Textbook Notes (363,006)
Canada (158,140)
York University (12,353)
Psychology (3,541)
PSYC 3480 (233)

Ch5 notes.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

York University
PSYC 3480
Noreen Stuckless

Chapter 5 Study Notes  Cautions about the way psychologists conduct their research  We need to be cautious about interpreting results  1. Biased samples can influence results – most research is on college students, we know nothing about non college attendees, mostly white people  2. Researchers expectations bias results – usually what the research wants influences the study  3. Seldom find gender differences in research – frequency distributions  tell us how many people in a sample receive each score, typically a frequency distribution for males and females have a LARGE OVERLAP and SMALL SEPERATION … males and females are reasonably similar  4. Researches seldom find gender differences in each situation – we cannot make general statements about gender overall. Males and females have remarkably similar  5. Gender differences found in research should not discourage the opposite gender from pursing a career in a certain field  Meta-analysis approach to summarizing Studies  Originally used the box-score approach – combine results of various studies and tally results to form overall yes or no  However, box-score turns up ambiguous results  Meta-analysis – provides a statistical method for combining numerous studies on a single topic  First locate all appropriate studies on the topic  Separate females from males, then calculate the general average from the two  Cohn’s D is the number produced by meta-analysis results  effect size COGNITIVE ABILITIES  Females and males are most similar is general intelligence measured by IQ test  IQ tests eliminate gender differences  IQ scores for males greater variability than IQ scores for females  Media often claims that women are better then men at multi-tasking, however, untrue! Complex cognitive tasks  Equally competent when problem solving and creativity tasks performed  No gender differences in learning styles Memory Ability  Women score higher on memory tasks then males  Women are better at recall memory  Women are more accurate at remembering life events  Girls more emotional therefore better at recalling life events RE: CHAPTER 3  Women are better at recognizing faces  More accurate at recalling detail regarding clothing or hair on another person General verbal ability  Little research on gender comparisons on verbal ability  Gender differences girls better vocabulary then boys @ 3years old then goes away  Similar spelling vocabulary abilities  Females better at verbal fluency  SAT reading comprehension minimal gender differences Reading disabilities  Males more likely then females to have language problems  Teachers may target males who are less attentive and more active as having reading disabilities, however, they are just excited  Males 1.2 times more likely then girls to have reading disabilities Mathematics Ability  Most attention / research in this area  Females and males similar in math ability  HOWEVER females actually get better grades in math then boys  TAKE HOME MESSAGE  BOYS AND GIRLS SIMILAR IN MATH ABILITY  Grades in mathematics courses  Females earn higher grades in 5 6 8 and 10 as well as college math courses  Females perform better in similar situations with previously learned material  Males perform better in uncertain situations with new material Mathematic
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 3480

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.