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Chapter 18

SOSC 1731 Chapter Notes - Chapter 18: Stillbirth

Social Science
Course Code
SOSC 1731
Lewis Code

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pg 568
“ In taking form, the ancient city brought together many scattered organs of the common life
and within its walls promoted their interaction and fusion”
Positive forces that have been a part of the history of the city:
common purposes that emerged through quickened methods of communication and co-
in earliest cities this included controlling floods, repairing storm damage, storing water,
remodeling landscape, etc
in time, rulers of the city created an internal fabric of order and justice that gave some of the
moral stability and mutual aid of the village to the cities
Negative contributions of urban civilization:
vocational over-specialization
a persistent orientation toward death
pg 568
both the positive and negative aspects of the ancient city have been handed on
“Through its monuments, written records, and orderly habits of association, the city enlarged
the scope of all human activities, extending them backwards and forwards in time
“By means of its storage facilities, the city became capable of transmitting a complex culture
from generation to generation”
“The recovery of the essential activities and values that first were incorporated in the ancient
cities is a primary condition for the further development of the city in our time”
pg 569
“Ours is an age in which the increasingly automatic processes of production and urban
expansion have displaced the human goals they are supposed to serve”
Pg 571
“The chief function of the city is to convert power into form, energy into culture, dead matter
into living symbols of art, biological reproduction into social creativity
the positive functions of the city cannot be performed without creating new institutional
arrangements, capable of coping with the vast energies modern man now commands
pg 572
“the oppressive conditions that limited the development of the city throughout history have
begun to disappear”
“the emancipation from manual labour has brought about a new kind of enslavement: abject
dependence upon the machine”
pg 573
“Should the forces of life rally together, we shall stand on the verge of a new urban implosion”
“we must now conceive the city, not as a place of business or government, but as an essential
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