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John Locke – Chapter XIX.docx

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Boston College
PHIL 1071

John Locke – Second Treatise of Government Chapter XIX 1. Briefly explain Locke’s four examples of governments being dissolved when the legislative is altered (pg 108-9). (government dissolves itself within) • 1) When a single person or prince sets up his own arbitrary will in place of the laws o Whoever introduces new laws, not being thereunto authorized by the fundamental appointment of the society, or subverts the old, disowns and overturns the power by which they made, and so set up a new legislative • 2) When prince hinders legislative from assembling in its due time, or from acting freely, pursuant to those ends for which it is constituted o He who takes away the freedom or hinders the acting of the legislative in its due seasons, in effect takes away the legislative, and puts an end to government • 3) When by arbitrary power of prince, the electors, or ways of election, are altered, without the consent, and contrary to the common interest of the people • 4) Delivery of the people into the subjection of a foreign power, either by the prince or by the legislative, is certainly a change of legislative, and so a dissolution of the government o Reason people entered to government was to be preserved and free, to be governed by its own laws • 5) If laws not being enforced then no government 2. Explain Locke’s arguments that when government acts against the trust of there peoples “they put themselves into a state of ware with the people” and forfeit their power? • Legislative acts against trust reposed in them, by invading property of subject o Reason why men enter into society is preservation of their property o Whenever legislators take away, and destroy property of people, or reduce them to slavery under arbitrary power, they put themselves into a state of war with the people, who are thereupon absolved from any further obedience
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