Chapter 26 Outline
Progress and Its Discontents: Post-Impressionism, Symbolism, and Art Nouveau, 1880 - 1905
Paul Cezanne: Toward Abstraction
• Cezanne's Mount St. Victoire and Viaduct is both flat and yet seemingly panoramic.
The space appears both 2D and 3D. For example, the distant sky is on the same
foreground plane as the tree branches. The artist spent several years on many of his
paintings and pondered every mark as indicated in his letters and writings. He sought
solid and durable art.
• Cezanne’s Mount Saint Victoire seen from Bibemus Quarry is a work made late in the
artist's life and is more abstract.
• Cezanne’s The Great Bathers depicts simplify figures that were based on earlier works
(such as the Crouching Venus). It uses a pyramidal composition that resembles
Renaissance composition, and a complementary color scheme (blue and orange).
Georges Seurat: Seeking Social and Pictorial Harmony
• Seurat’s A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte shows the artist’s
interests in optical sciences, notably the science of color perception. The artist used a
style known as divisionism (aka pointillism) that placed dots of colors next to each other
so that the eye would blend them together from a distance.
Vincent van Gogh: Expression Through Color and Symbol • Van Gogh's The Night Cafe uses bright colors and complementary hues (greens and