Race - a group of people who share a set of characteristics (typically physical) and are said to share a common bloodline. Race is a socially constructed way of organize reality, and while it is very real because people believe it and act based upon it, we could have organized our social distinctions in a different way. White was once split into several different racial groups in american society, with some seen as superior to others, and some not fit to integrate into american society and self-governance. Racism - belief that members of separate races possess different and unequal traits. Characterized by three key beliefs 1) humans are divided into distinct bloodlines and/or physical types 2) these groups are linked to distinct cultures, behaviors, personalities, and intellectual abilities 3) certain groups are superior to others. The concept of race from ancients to alleles.