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Chapter Day 2 Module Notes

ISB 204 Chapter Notes - Chapter Day 2 Module Notes: Scientific Method

Integrative Studies Biological
Course Code
ISB 204
Day 2 Module Notes

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Online Module Day 2 Notes
ISB 204-001
Scientific knowledge is built through a complex process that relies, in part, on
observation of nature. TRUE
If an observation is made in the correct way, its meaning is straightforward and is not
subject to interpretation. FALSE
Scientific theories may be changed because scientists reinterpret existing observations.
The process of science allows scientists to definitively prove or disprove hypotheses and
theories. FALSE
Well-supported hypotheses become theories, and well-supported theories become laws.
All cultures conduct scientific research the same way because science is universal and
independent of society and culture. FALSE
Scientific research is not influenced by society and culture because scientists are trained
to conduct “pure”, unbiased studies. FALSE
The process of science involves a system of checks and balances to ensure that work is of
high quality and that evidence is interpreted in an objective way. TRUE
Unlike many other professions, science is almost always a solitary endeavor. FALSE
Science is pure; Scientists strive to do their work without considering its potential
application. FALSE
Scientists do not use their imagination and creativity because they can infer objectively.
Scientists always follow the same step-by-step scientific method. FALSE
Scientific studies frequently involve surprises; many factors influence the direction an
investigation takes. TRUE
Science is an on-going process of building reliable knowledge about the natural world.
Scientific investigations usually come to a definite end, allowing science to move on to a
brand-new question. FALSE
Laboratory experiments are the main method used to develop scientific knowledge.
The aim of scientific testing is to prove a hypothesis correct. FALSE
Science can help inform decisions related to morality but cannot directly make moral
judgments about what is good and bad. TRUE
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