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Chapter 1-4

ANT 100 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1-4: Anthropological Linguistics, Project Camelot, Environmental Anthropology

Course Code
ANT 100
Annie Melzer

of 16
Thursday, September 15, 2016
Cultural Anthropology Notes for Exam #1 (Chapters 1-4)
Chapter 1: What is Anthropology?
-The scientific study of humans (“anthropos logos”) learned human behavior,
human variation
-Their origins, development: what it means to be human
-started in the 1800s - Franz Boas
-4 Distinct Branches:
Physical- deals with humans as biological organisms {historical particularism,
PhD in physics = slice}
Archeology- reconstruct the cultures of the past
Anthropological linguistics- study of language in historical, structural, and social
Cultural Anthropology- examines similarities and differences among cultures of
the world
-branches applied physical, human variation, forensic
-biological and behavioral characteristics of humans and primates
-completing evolutionary record through fossil remains- paleoanthropology
-Primatology- study of evolutionary fossil record of primates and the behaviors
of living population in natural habitat
-Human variation {race}- how and why physical traits of modern human
population vary in the world (human adaptation) culture and environment
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find more resources at oneclass.com
Thursday, September 15, 2016
-heavy on fossil remains
-comparison, analysis, interpretation of human, protohumans and primates
-comparative anatomy
-physical features: skull, pelvis, hands
-cultural features: tools
-human evolution and adaptation
-apes, monkeys, prosimians
-anatomy and social behavior
-physical variations among humans
-appearance and biochemical (blood type, susceptibility to disease)
-“reconstruct the past”
-analyze material culture
-Artifacts- carried away from site
-Features- can’t be taken (house foundation, fireplaces)
-Ecofacts- objects in natural environment (bones, seeds, wood) not made/altered
-preserves sites/survey for human development management remains
Anthropological Linguistics
-human speech and language: origins, changes, learned
-Historic = writing
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find more resources at oneclass.com
Thursday, September 15, 2016
-prehistoric = no writing
-4 Types of Linguistic (6,000 language in the world)
-Historical- emergence of language, how they change over time
-glotto chronology- when two languages begin to diverge
-Descriptive- sound, grammatical systems, meaning attached to words
-Cultural/Ethnolinguistics- relationship between language and culture
-Sociolinguistics- relationship between language and social relations
-situational use of language
Cultural Anthropology
-Ethnography- study of specific contemporary cultures
-Ethnology- general patterns of human culture
-Ethnographies- detailed descriptions
-Areas of Specialization:
medical- paleopathology- analysis of disease in ancient populations
agricultural, legal, educational, religion, business, economic, political, tourism,
work, nutritional
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com