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Chapter 1-4

ANT 100 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1-4: Anthropological Linguistics, Project Camelot, Environmental Anthropology


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANT 100
Professor
Annie Melzer
Chapter
1-4

Page:
of 16
Thursday, September 15, 2016
Cultural Anthropology Notes for Exam #1 (Chapters 1-4)
Chapter 1: What is Anthropology?
-The scientific study of humans (“anthropos logos”) learned human behavior,
human variation
-Their origins, development: what it means to be human
-started in the 1800s - Franz Boas
-4 Distinct Branches:
Physical- deals with humans as biological organisms {historical particularism,
PhD in physics = slice}
Archeology- reconstruct the cultures of the past
Anthropological linguistics- study of language in historical, structural, and social
contexts
Cultural Anthropology- examines similarities and differences among cultures of
the world
Physical
-branches applied physical, human variation, forensic
-biological and behavioral characteristics of humans and primates
-completing evolutionary record through fossil remains- paleoanthropology
-Primatology- study of evolutionary fossil record of primates and the behaviors
of living population in natural habitat
-Human variation {race}- how and why physical traits of modern human
population vary in the world (human adaptation) culture and environment
!1
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Thursday, September 15, 2016
Paleoanthropology
-heavy on fossil remains
-comparison, analysis, interpretation of human, protohumans and primates
-comparative anatomy
-physical features: skull, pelvis, hands
-cultural features: tools
Primatology
-human evolution and adaptation
-apes, monkeys, prosimians
-anatomy and social behavior
-physical variations among humans
-appearance and biochemical (blood type, susceptibility to disease)
Archaeology
-“reconstruct the past”
-analyze material culture
-Artifacts- carried away from site
-Features- can’t be taken (house foundation, fireplaces)
-Ecofacts- objects in natural environment (bones, seeds, wood) not made/altered
-preserves sites/survey for human development management remains
Anthropological Linguistics
-human speech and language: origins, changes, learned
-Historic = writing
!2
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find more resources at oneclass.com
Thursday, September 15, 2016
-prehistoric = no writing
-4 Types of Linguistic (6,000 language in the world)
-Historical- emergence of language, how they change over time
-glotto chronology- when two languages begin to diverge
-Descriptive- sound, grammatical systems, meaning attached to words
-Cultural/Ethnolinguistics- relationship between language and culture
-Sociolinguistics- relationship between language and social relations
-situational use of language
Cultural Anthropology
-Ethnography- study of specific contemporary cultures
-Ethnology- general patterns of human culture
-Ethnographies- detailed descriptions
-Areas of Specialization:
urban
medical- paleopathology- analysis of disease in ancient populations
development
environmental
psychological
agricultural, legal, educational, religion, business, economic, political, tourism,
work, nutritional
!3
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com