Chapter 5.docx

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Department
International Affairs
Course
INTL 1101
Professor
Denise Horn
Semester
Spring

Description
Nicole Hicks Globalization and International Affairs Ch. 5 Samuel P Huntington Clash of Civilizations  In the future, the "fundamental source of conflict...will be cultural."  Starting with the French Rev. , we saw the rise of nationalism, and the lines of conflicts were between nations and not just monarchs.  "The wars of kings were over; the wars of peoples had begun." R.R. Palmer, 1793  Next we saw, with the Russian Rev, no conflicts of nations but conflicts of ideologies (communism vs democracy)  With the nation/ideology conflicts ending (with the end of the Cold War), international politics moved out of its strictly Western phase and now the centerpiece is the interaction between Western and Non-Western nations  The future world will be shaped by conflicts between the 7-8 major "civilizations" -- Western, Confucian, Japanese, Islamic, Hindu, Slavic-Orthodox, Latin American, and maybe African.  Why? i) Differences are basic; language, culture, tradition, religion, political ideologies ii) The world is becoming a smaller place; interactions between people from different civilizations is increasing which increases the awareness of differences between civilizations (1) An Ibo could be an Owerri Ibo or an Onitsha Ibo in eastern Nigeria. In Lagos, he's just an Ibo. In London, he's a Nigerian. In NY, he's an African. iii) Economic modernization and social change are separating people from their (longstanding) local identities -- this weakens the nation state as a source of identity
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