CAS 100B Effective Group Discussion, Chapter 5 Notes

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Pennsylvania State University
Communication Arts and Sciences
CAS 100B
Adam Perry

CAS 100B Instructor Adam Perry Lesson 6 Chapter 5 Chapter 5: The Members and Their Roles  Least sized group- the principle that the ideal group contains as few members as possible so long as all necessary perspectives and skills are represented.  Trait- a relatively enduring, consistent pattern of behavior or other observable characteristic.  Attitude- a network of beliefs and values, not directly measureable, that a person holds toward an object, person, or concept; produces a tendency to react in specific ways toward that object, person, or concept  Communication apprehension- anxiety or fear of speaking in a variety of social situation, including in group settings; reticence; shyness  Nonassertive behavior- or passiveness, that allows one’s own rights and beliefs to be ignored or dominated, often to avoid conflict; impairs good decision making.  Passive aggressive behavior- behavior that appears on the surface to be cooperative vu subtly sabotages group work, such as when members “forget” to carry out assignment  Aggressiveness- behavior designed to win or dominate that fails to respect the rights or beliefs of others  Assertiveness- behavior that shows respect both for your own and others’ rights, in contrast to passive and aggressive behavior  Cognitive complexity- how well developed a group member’s construct system for interpreting signals is; cognitively complex individuals are able to synthesize more information and think in more abstract and organized terms than are cognitively simple individuals  Self-monitoring- the extent to which someone pays attention to and controls his or her self presentation in social situations; high self monitors are able to assess how others perceive then and adapt their behavior to elicit a desired response  Rhetorical sensitivity- speaking and phrasing statements in such a way that the feelings and beliefs of the listener are considered; phrasing statements in order not to offend others or trigger emotional overreactions  Preference for procedural order- a trait characterized by need or desire to follow a clear, linear structure
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