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Chapter 1-4

HIST 2311 Chapter 1-4: Unit 1 - Rise of Complex Societies Lecture Video Analysis

Course Code
HIST 2311
David Mayes

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Running head: VIDEO ANALYSIS 1
Video Analysis

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As We’ve Seen Things
Transition from Simple to Complex Societies
The video demonstrates the change from the simple to the complex societies. Most
notably, the primary catalyst for the transformation between the two societies was the emergence
of agriculture (Unit 1, Rise of Complex Societies, 2018). Initially, people were food gatherers,
but they were transformed to food producers and also hunter-gatherers to farms. There was the
development of new tools and techniques to be used in farming such as axes, digging sticks,
oxen. More so, the animals in the complex societies were domesticated meaning that they were
kept at home and not left to move in wild bushes. Therefore, the point highlighted in the video
was the transition from simple to complex cities.
Features and Characteristics Complex Societies
According to the video, complex societies were governed by political organizations that
were more powerful and sophisticated. They collected taxes from citizens and provided security
(Unit 1, Rise of Complex Societies, 2018). Besides, there was the establishment of public watch
projects such as irrigation systems and roads to help in the movement of food and invasion of
writing records and rituals were also features of the complex societies. The specialization of jobs
was also evident in these societies to simplify work. More so, the development of social classes
was another feature in the complex society. Ultimately, there was cultural developments and
complex religions that came with the construction of temples as holy places.
Stele of Hammurabi
It should be remarked that the stele of Hammurabi had many codes, but some were
extraordinary. There was the code that stated that “if a freeman harmed an aristocrat they also
had to be harmed and if it is was a commoner harmed they had to compensate them using silver
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