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Chapter 15

PSY 383 Chapter Notes - Chapter 15: Health Psychology, Neurophysiology, Psych


Department
Psychology Main
Course Code
PSY 383
Professor
O' Connor
Chapter
15

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Danny Holcomb
Professor O’Connor
Health Psych
5 December 2016
Chapter 15 Notes:
Health Psychology: Challenges for the Future
Health Promotion
A Focus on Those at Risk:
Individuals at risk should learn to:
Cope with their risk status
Change their modifiable risk-relevant behaviors
Studies on people at risk helps identify the promoting factors of the disorders
Prevention of Poor Health Habits:
Behavioral immunization: Programs focused on smoking, drug abuse, diet and
eating disorders
Parents should be taught to:
Reduce the risks of accidents at home
Practice good safety habits in automobiles
Instill good health habits in their children
A Focus on Older Adults:
Interventions should emphasize:
Diet
Exercise
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Control of alcohol consumption
Other health habits
Refocusing Health Promotion Efforts:
Reasons for refocusing toward morbidity
Cost - Chronic diseases are expensive to treat
To produce a higher quality of life
Priorities for the future - To address:
More than one behavioral risk factor at a time
Maintenance of behavior change
Broader environmental and health policies that support and sustain individual efforts
Promoting Resilience:
Focusing on the positive factors that reduce morbidity or delay mortality
Enhancing people’s abilities to attract and maintain social support
Studying how people:
Spontaneously reduce stress
Seek out opportunities for rest, renewal, and relaxation
Health Disparities:
Risk factors tied to low SES
Alcohol consumption and tobacco use
High levels of lipids and obesity
Fewer psychosocial resources
Higher rates of chronic illness
Low-birth-weight babies
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Infant mortality
Higher risk of accidents
Racial and ethnic differences
SES and ethnic differences - Have an impact in the delivery of medical treatment
Gender - Women are not included as research subjects in studies of many major
diseases
Stress and its management
Stress Research:
Research on the neurophysiology of stress will help understand how stress exerts
adverse effects on health
Social support can buffer stress
Reduces social isolation
Promotes the benefits of social ties
Alleviates factors that promote toxic social ties
Ensures people who need help are getting it
Health services
Problems in the health care system
o Very expensive
o Inequitable system
o Inappropriate use of services
Building better consumers
o Health psychologists should help create responsible and informed
consumers
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