Textbook Notes (290,000)
US (110,000)
UC-Irvine (3,000)
PSY BEH (300)
Chapter 11-13

PSY BEH 11C Chapter Notes - Chapter 11-13: Telling Stories, Body Language, Group Polarization


Department
Psychology and Social Behavior
Course Code
PSY BEH 11C
Professor
Joanne Zinger
Chapter
11-13

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 20 pages of the document.
PSB 11C Textbook Readings
Chapter 11: Health and Well Being pg. 451
Health psychology
o A field that integrates research on health and on psychology
o Involves application of psychological principles to promote health and
wellbeing
Well being
o A positive state that includes striving for optimal health and life
satisfaction
Biopsychosocial
o A model of health that integrates the effects of biological, behavioral,
and the social factors on health and illness
Causes of mortality
o Before 20th century, people mostly died from infections or diseases
o Now it’s heart disease, accidents, strokes, cancer, etc. rather than
infectious diseases
o Daily habits contribute to causes of death
Eating, exercising
Health disparities
o African americans have a lower life expectancy than americans?
o Different lifestyles contribute to health differences
Some people bike, some use the bus
Eating junk food
BMI
o Body mass index
o Does not take age, sex, bone structure, or body fat distribution into
consideration
o No clear relationship between BMI and health
Except for obesity
Overeating
o People eat more when portions are larger
o Portions in restaurants have increased
o Body weight may be socially contagious
Implicit agreement on what weight is acceptable
Genetic influence
o Obesity runs in families
o BMI of adopted children is more strongly related to their biological
parents than to the BMI of their adoptive parents
o Twins were studied to gain weight in different amounts and store
their fat in different places
Obesity stigma
o Obese people are seen as less attractive, less intelligent, etc.
This is Western culture
o Some cultures see obesity as being rich and status!
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Restrictive dieting
o Ineffective for permanent weight loss
o Usually gain back what they lost
o Restrained eaters
Prone to excessive eating tbh
Like if they notice they eat bad food during a diet, they’ll keep
doing it since they started anyways and abandon the diet
Disordered eating
o When dieters fail to lose weight, they often blame their lack of
willpower
Eventually, they feel helpless and depressed
o Tends to run in families
Genetic disposition?
o Anorexia nervosa
Excessive fear of being fat and severely restrict how much they
eat
The ideal thin model has permeated society
o Bulimia nervosa
Alternate between dieting and binge eating and purging
Looks normal
o Binge-eating disorder
They binge eat a lot
No purging
Eat quickly
Obese or overweight
Smoking
o Most smokers start early
11-17 years old
o First smoking experiences suck!!! People just keep doing it because
they think it’s cool
o Eventually they become productive
o E cigs
Less harmful than normal cigs??
Still addictive
o Quitting smoking
People relapse a lot
Only 10-30% can succeed in stopping
People who do succeed do it by going cold turkey!!!!!
Exercise
o Good for you!!
o Better memory, cognition, lowers blood pressure, strengthens heart
and lungs
o Modern society encourages you do barely move!! Cars, elevators, etc.
Stress
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

o A response that typically involves an unpleasant state, like anxiety or
tension
o Some stress is good though!
Like getting married
Stressor
o Something in the environment that is perceived as threatening or
demanding and therefore produces stress
Coping response
o An attempt to avoid, escape from, or minimize the stressor
Eustress
o Good stress
o Marriage
o Picking a college
Distress
o Negative stress
o Late for a meeting
o Traffic
Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis
o A body system involved in stress responses
o Slower-acting response resulting from a complex system
Stress hormones
o Affects the body even after it’s gone!
o Disrupts working memory and long term memory
Sex differences in how people respond to stressors
o Males
Fight or flight
Most of the studies testing this has used males
o Females
Tend and befriend responses
Makes sense for females because would have to quiet
down kids and hide rather than run with kids
Oxytocin is also released when stressed for women,
leading them to want to get closer with people
General Adaptation Syndrome
o Alarm stage
Emergency response
adrenaline
o Resistance stage
Defenses maximized
Body prepares for longer, sustained defense from the stressor
o Exhaustion stage
Systems fail
How does stress affect health?
o Immune system
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version