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Chapter 7

ANTH 2 Chapter Notes - Chapter 7: Enculturation, People Nation

by

Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 2
Professor
Casey Walsh
Chapter
7

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Chapter7:
http://www.understandingrace.org/home.html“humanvariation”and“lived
experience”
Ethnicity:asenseofhistorical,culturalandsometimesancestralconnectiontoagroup
ofpeoplewhoareimaginedtobedistinctfromthoseoutsidethegroup
OriginMyth:astorytoldaboutthefoundingandhistoryofaparticulargroupto
reinforceasenseofcommonidentity
EthnicBoundaryMaker:apracticeorbelief,suchasfood,clothing,language,shared
name,orreligion,usedtosignifywhoisinagroupandwhoisnot
Genocide:thedeliberateandsystematicdestructionofanethnicorreligiousgroup
SituationalNegotiationofIdentity:anindividual’sselfidentificationwithaparticular
groupthatcanshiftacc.tosociallocation
EthnicCleansing:theeffortsbyrepresentativesofoneethnicorreligiousgroupto
removeordestroyanothergroupinaparticulargeographicarea
MeltingPot:ametaphorusedtodescribetheprocessofimmigrantassimilationintoUS
dominantculture
Assimilation:theprocessthroughwhichminoritiesacceptthepatternsandnormsof
thedominantcultureandceasetoexistasseparategroups
Multiculturalism:apatternofethnicrelationsinwhichnewimmigrantsandtheirchildren
enculturateintothedominantnationalcultureandyetretainanethnicculture
State:anautonomousregionalstructureofpolitical,economicandmilitaryrulewitha
centralgovernmentauthorizedtomakelawsanduseforcetomaintainorderand
defenditsterritory
NationState:apoliticalentity,locatedwithinageographicterritorywithenforced
borders,wherethepopulationsharesasenseofculture,ancestryanddestinyasa
people
Nation:atermonceusedtodescribeagroupofpeoplewhosharedaplaceoforigin;
nowusedinterchangeablywithnationstate
Nationalism:thedesireofanethniccommunitytocreateand/ormaintainanationstate
ImaginedCommunity:theinvestedsenseofconnectionandsharedtraditionsthat
underliesidentificationwithaparticularethnicgroupornationwhomemberswilllikely
nevermeet
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