SOCI 101 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5.1-5.4: Social Conflict Theory, Kai T. Erikson, Dry County

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4 Feb 2017
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SOCI 101 Textbook Notes Chapter 5.1-5.4
5.1 What is a valid sociological topic?
o What level is the study of why men end up in prison?
Macro level analysis
o Which of the following is an example of a macro level topic?
Why more men end up in the U.S. prison system than women
5.2 Common Sense and Need for Sociological Research
o Commons sense may or may not be true
Common sense: women who are abused by their husbands leave
Reality: many stay for years
o Theory explains how different parts of society relate to and associate with each
other
o Different academic disciplines have different theories about the world
Scientistsorigins of life
Sociologistscustoms of society
Social conflict theory
US men have more positons of power than women
5.3 A Research Model
o
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o 1. Selecting a Topic
what do you want to know more about?
Many sociologists follow curiosity
Interested in a particular topic and pursue it
Some choose a topic because of funding
o 2. Defining the Problem
specify what you want to learn
usually pretty focused
spouse ause: hat is the husad’s ork eperiee?
o 3. Reviewing the Literature
you must read what has already been published
narrows problems
let’s ou ko hat is alread ko
pinpoint questions you may ask
what you are interested in learning has been found already
o 4. Formulating a Hypothesis
hypothesisstatement of what you expect to find according to
predictions from a theory
predicts a relationship between or among variablesfactors that
change, or vary, form one person or situation to another
o need precise ways to measure variables
operational definitionsprecise ways to measure the variables
o 5. Choosing a Research Method
decide how you are going to collect data
7 basic research methods/designs
o 6. Collecting Data
validityoperational definitions must measure what they are intended to
measure
what defines abuse? You must state your operational definitions
precisely
reliabilityif other researchers use your operational definitions, their
findings will be consistent with yours
o 7. Analyzing the Results
test hypothesis
some research has no hypothesis, if you know too little to specify
variables in advance
o 8. Sharing the Results
write a report to share findings with scientific community
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