Textbook Notes (368,448)
United States (206,050)
Psychology (131)
PSY 235 (11)
Chapter 4

Chapter 4

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PSY 235
Taryn Aldrich

Chapter 4 Neoanalytic and ego aspects of personality: identity Carl Jung • The mind/ psyche has 3 parts: o Ego o Personal unconscious o Collective unconscious • Focused more on personal experience and not sexual drives • Thought he had two identities • Though dreams are paranormal • Ego: o Conscious part of personality o Embodies sense of self o Similar to Freud’s concept of ego • Personal unconscious o Contains thoughts that are not currently part of conscious awareness o Not only threatening and unacceptable material, but all non-conscious material o Contains past and future material • Collective unconscious o Deeper level unconscious o Shared with rest of humanity o Contains archetypes  Universal emotional symbols • Archetypes o Animus/ Anima  Male element in a woman/ female element in a man o Persona/ shadow  Socially acceptable front vs dark and unacceptable side of personality o Mother  Embodiment of generativity and fertility o Hero and demon  Strong force for good vs cruelty and evil • Complexes o A complex is a group of emotionally charged thoughts that are related to a particular theme o Jung created a word association test to study complexes o Pattern of words produced reveals the complex • Four functions of the mind o Sensing o Thinking o Feeling o Intuiting: where did it come from and where is it going? • 2 major attitudes o Extroversion: directs energy toward things in the world o Introversion: directs energy inward • 4 functions, 2 attitudes, 8 types o Typology  Each person has a best fit to one type Alfred Adler • “Individual psychology” • Emphasizes the importance of social conditions on personality • 3 fundamental social issues o Occupational tasks: chasing and pursuing a career o Societal tasks: establishing and creating friendships o Love tasks: suitable life partner • Expansion of Freuds approach to increase emphasis on society and social relations • Aggression drive o Drive to lash out against their ability to achieve something • Masculine protest o Individuals attempt to be competent and independent (both boys and girls) • Superiority striving o Striving to obtain ones power and superiority over inferiority • Perfection striving o Striving to meet fictional goals o Fictional goals reflect an individual’s view of perfection • Birth order and family dynamics o First born o Second born o Third born • Current findings o Frank Sulloway  First born: success and achievement  Later born: revolutionary and creative • Karen Horney o Feminist neoanalytic theory o Rejection of Freudian penis envy theory o Envy of masculine freedoms and privileges o
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