Textbook Notes (362,929)
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Nutrition (22)
NTR 306 (22)
Chapter 18

NTR 306 Chapter 18 Notes.docx

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University of Texas at Austin
NTR 306
Deanna Staskel

Chapter 18: Diabetes Mellitus (page 597-602) Prediabetes – the individual’s blood glucose is elevated but not to such an extent as to be classified as diabetes Ranges: Normal: <100 mg/dL Prediabetes: 100-125 mg/dL Diabetes: ≥125 mg/dL th Diabetes rank 7 among the leading causes of death! Diabetes mellitus – a group of metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both Type 1 Type 2 Prevalence in diabetic population 5-10% of cases 90-95% of cases Age of onset <30 years >40 years Associated conditions Autoimmune diseases, viral infections, Obesity, aging, inherited factors inherited factors Major defect Destruction of pancreatic beta cells; Insulin resistance; insulin deficiency insulin deficiency (relative to needs) Insulin secretion Little or none Varies; may be normal, increased or decreased Requirement for insulin therapy Always Sometimes Older names Juvenile-onset diabetes Adult-onset diabetes Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus N
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