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Textbook Notes for Biochemistry and Cellular and Molecular Biology at University of Tennessee - Knoxville (UTK)

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UTKBCMB 311Parks, BruceFall

BCMB 311 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Oxidative Phosphorylation, Kinesin, Ribosome

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Actin filaments - thin, flexible protein filament made from a chain of globular actin molecules; a major constituent of all eukaryotic cells, this cyto
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UTKBCMB 311Parks, BruceFall

BCMB 311 Chapter Notes - Chapter 16: Thioester, Threonine, Molecular Switch

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Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (cam kinase) - enzyme that phosphorylates target proteins in response to an increase in ca2+ ion concentration
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UTKBCMB 311Parks, BruceFall

BCMB 311 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Acetyl-Coa, Citric Acid Cycle, Atp Synthase

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Citric acid cycle - the metabolic cycle that is fueled by acetyl coa formed after glycolysis in cellular respiration. Chemical reactions in the cycle c
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UTKBCMB 311Parks, BruceFall

BCMB 311 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Atomic Nucleus, Protein Subunit, Polysaccharide

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Atp (adenosine 5"-triphosphate) - nucleoside triphosphate composed of adenine, ribose, and three phosphate groups that is the principal carrier of chem
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UTKBCMB 311Parks, BruceFall

BCMB 311 Chapter Notes - Chapter 20: Cell Membrane, Oncogene, Cell Adhesion Molecule

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Benign - cells which proliferate in defiance of the normal constraints but remain clustered together in a single mass. Cancer - disease caused by abnor
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UTKBCMB 311Parks, BruceFall

BCMB 311 Chapter Notes - Chapter 17: Chromosome, Nuclear Membrane, Lamin

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Actin filaments - thin, flexible protein filament made form a chain of globular actin molecules; a major constituent of all eukaryotic cells, this cyto
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UTKBCMB 311Parks, BruceFall

BCMB 311 Chapter Notes - Chapter 14: Chemiosmosis, Membrane Transport Protein, Atp Synthase

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3
Antenna complex - in chloroplasts and photosynthetic bacteria, the part of the membrane-bound photosystem that captures energy from sunlight; contains
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UTKBCMB 311Parks, BruceFall

BCMB 311 Chapter Notes - Chapter 13: Tumor Necrosis Factor Superfamily, Death Domain, Fas Receptor

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Aneuploidy - an abnormal number of chromosomes, commonly caused by errors in dna replication, dna repair, or mitosis. Apoptosome - the large quaternary
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UTKBCMB 311Parks, BruceFall

BCMB 311 Chapter Notes - Chapter 21: Rna Polymerase Iii, Critical Role, Rna Polymerase I

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Chapter 21 vocabulary: binding - a specific dna sequence (promoter site) determines where rna synthesis starts and which strand is to serve as the temp
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UTKBCMB 311Parks, BruceFall

BCMB 311 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Dna Replication, Karyotype, Nucleolus

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Base pair - two complementary nucleotides in an rna or dna molecule that are held together by hydrogen bonds. Cell cycle - the orderly sequence of even
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UTKBCMB 311Parks, BruceFall

BCMB 311 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Adenine, Nicotine, Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide

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Chapter 3 vocabulary acetyl coa (acetyl coenzyme a) - small water-soluble molecule that carries acetyl groups in cells. Contains an acetyl group linked
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UTKBCMB 311Parks, BruceFall

BCMB 311 Chapter Notes - Chapter 15: Golgi Apparatus, Nuclear Membrane, Cellular Compartment

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Autophagy - a process in which cells recycle their own organic material through the use of hydrolytic enzymes. Clathrin - a fibrous protein found on th
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