Class Notes (807,239)
Canada (492,664)
Brock University (11,830)
CHYS 1F90 (374)

Lecture 2

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Brock University
Child and Youth Studies
Rebecca Raby

Child and Youth Studies CHYS 1F90 Child and Youth Studies CHYS 1F90 Dr J McNamaraDr J McNamaraFall 2011Fall 2011Foundations of DevelopmentFoundations of DevelopmentKailBarnfield 2009Bronfenbrenner 1994OverviewOverviewTheories and viewpoints in developmental psychologyBiological theories of developmentPsychodynamic theoriesLearningbased theoriesCognitiveDevelopmental theoryContextual theoriesTheoryTheoryA set of concepts and propositions that describe organize and explain a set of observationsWhat makes a theory goodmust be the least complex explanation able to be tested and predict future behaviourFundamental Issues in Developmental TheoriesFundamental Issues in Developmental TheoriesNatureNurtureAn interactionPsychoanalytic TheoriesPsychoanalytic TheoriesFreuds Psychosexual TheoryFreuds Psychosexual TheoryConflict of individuals instinct and societal norms for behaviourThree components of personalityId instinctual focused on sexEgo balance between the twoSuperego sense of complete moralityInner ConflictInner ConflictBetween IdEgoSuperegoFreuds Stages of Psychosexual DevelopmentFreuds Stages of Psychosexual DevelopmentStages propose shifts in focus on parts of bodyOral birth1 yearthe child is focused on oral pleasures sucking This type of personality may have a stronger tendency to smoke drink alcohol over eat or bite his or her nails Personality wise these individuals may become overly dependent upon others gullible and perpetual followers On the other hand they may also fight these urges and develop pessimism and aggression toward othersAnal 13 yearsthe childs focus of pleasure is on eliminating and retaining feces Through societys pressure mainly via parents the child has to learn to control anal stimulation After effects of an anal fixation during this stage can result in an obsession with cleanliness perfection and control anal retentive On the opposite end of the spectrum they may become messy and disorganized anal expulsivePhallic36 yearspleasure zone switches to the genitals Freud believed that during this stage boy develop unconscious sexual desires for their mother Because of this he becomes rivals with his father and sees him as competition for the mothers affection During this time boys also develop a fear that their father will punish them for these feelings such as by castrating them This group of feelings is known as Oedipus Complex Out of fear of castration and due to the strong competition of his father boys eventually decide to identify with him rather than fight him By identifying with his father the boy develops masculine characteristics and identifies himself as a male and represses his sexual feelings toward his mother A fixation at this stage could result in sexual deviancies both overindulging and avoidance and weak or confused sexual identity according to psychoanalystsLatency 611 yearsits during this stage that sexual urges remain repressed and children interact and play mostly with same sex peersGenital 12 onwardThe final stage of psychosexual development begins at the start of puberty when sexual urges are once again awakened Through the lessons learned during the previous stages adolescents direct their sexual urges onto opposite sex peers with the primary focus of pleasure is the genitalsIs Freuds theory strongtoo complex
More Less

Related notes for CHYS 1F90

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.