CHYS 2P10 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Parenting Styles

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
Brock University
Department
Child and Youth Studies
Course
CHYS 2P10
Professor
CHYS 2P10
1 April 2013
1
Child and Youth Development: Lecture Eleven
Peers Continued
Peers are two or more people who are socially equal and operate at similar levels of behavioural
complexity
Peer contact increases over the course of childhood while adult contact decreases
See figure 14.4 average conformity scores for antisocial behaviour by age
Conformity more likely to occur around age 14 then at older ages
Children move away from parents toward peers, and then move away from peers toward the
individual
Peek in adolescence that shows when peers are most important
Peer Benefits
Peers increase sociability, the willingness to interact with others and seek their
attention/approval
Development of sociability begins slowly, then increases during the early years of development
Sociability
Sociability in the preschool years
1. Nonsocial activity (playing by themselves)
2. Onlooker play (watching what the other child is doing but not interacting)
3. Parallel play (children playing beside each other recall egocentric interaction)
4. Associative play
5. Cooperative play (children can fully cooperate in play)
Sociability
Peer interactions continue through middle childhood and adolescence
Games with rules help children regulate themselves and adapt to the social guidelines
Peer groups emerge
Cliques are groups define by a difficult to join or leave (become isolated)
Adolescent cliques and crowds begin around ages 12-14
Parental Influence on Peer Contacts
Neighborhood of residence (are peer interactions high or low?)
Daycare or playmate choices
Direct versus indirect supervision of preschoolers
Good for children to try and sort problems out themselves and intervene only when the children
cannot do so
Authoritative versus authoritarian practices
Has a different impact on which peers are accepted in your household, who comes over, etc.
Parents play a significant role because they organize the majority of child play dates
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Document Summary

Peers are two or more people who are socially equal and operate at similar levels of behavioural complexity. Peer contact increases over the course of childhood while adult contact decreases. See figure 14. 4 average conformity scores for antisocial behaviour by age. Conformity more likely to occur around age 14 then at older ages. Children move away from parents toward peers, and then move away from peers toward the individual. Peek in adolescence that shows when peers are most important. Peers increase sociability, the willingness to interact with others and seek their attention/approval. Development of sociability begins slowly, then increases during the early years of development. Peer interactions continue through middle childhood and adolescence. Games with rules help children regulate themselves and adapt to the social guidelines. Cliques are groups define by a difficult to join or leave (become isolated) Adolescent cliques and crowds begin around ages 12-14. Neighborhood of residence (are peer interactions high or low?)

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